College Overview: New York University equates to Ivy League status


NYU mascot Bobcat holding the Statue of Liberty’s torch. (NADIA CENICEROS/Ethic News art)

New York University is a private, non-profit, research four-year university that was chartered in 1831 by the New York Legislature led by Secretary of the Treasury Albert Gallatin. According to the College Gazette, NYU is not categorized as an Ivy League school, however, due to the high prestige within the academic, research and athletic programs it has made it to be widely considered to be equal to any of the six schools within the league. 


Located in lower Manhattan, the urban campus is near Union Square and Greenwich Village and is one of the three largest landowners in New York City with it being 230 acres, triple the size of Columbia University. It also has a second campus near Brooklyn and has two other campuses around the world in Abu Dhabi and Shanghai.

Time Square, a famous tourist destination located in the center of New  York City and is known for the New Year’s Celebration and the billboards across multiple buildings within the major commercial intersection. (MAURICIO PLIEGO/Ethic News photo)


Crime rates within the area are known to be fairly low. Any crimes committed in the area of Greenwich Village are recorded in a Daily Crime Log located in the NYU Department of Campus Safety.


The tuition as of 2018 has been $77,632, which includes costs for books, on-campus room and board. Through aid given from the institution, state and or the federal government it can decrease to $39,772 and the tuition can decrease even further depending on household income and if New York is the applicant’s resident state. 

Graduation and Acceptance Rates:

According to College Simply, NYU has an acceptance rate of 21% making it one of the most selective schools in the nation as it is very likely that most of those who are accepted have high SAT and ACT scores, however, currently it is a test-optional school. This means that upon applying, it is not necessary to show them your scores. The graduation rate is 83% which is still higher than most, but it is low compared to other Ivy colleges, such as Harvard with a 97.6%


The University offers over 143 distinct undergraduate degrees that are concentrated into 94 majors and 25 broad fields of study. Majors such as Visual and Performing Arts, Social Sciences and Liberal Arts and Sciences are the most popular among students. 

Facilities and Amenities:

The campus itself has plenty to offer as it features various athletic facilities such as an eight-lane swimming pool, weight room, state-of-the-art aerobic fitness room, climbing wall, basketball courts, dance and class space, pro shop and a snack bar. There is the Office of Global Services that handles any immigration matters for students and the NYU Box Office which offers discounted tickets for movies, broadway shows, sporting events and musical concerts. The campus offers areas to make students feel included such as the NYU LGBTQ+ center and the NYU Center for Multicultural Education and programs.

Career Development and Services:

Another facility on the campus is the Wasserman Center for Career Development, which allows students to use a variety of resources and services like a step-by-step process that involves mock interviews, workshops and on-campus recruitment opportunities. 

There is the NYU Handshake website that helps students to find internships and jobs on and off campus which has helped students to receive job offers after graduation. 

Notable Alumni: 

Elizabeth Olsen is a famous actress known for her role within the Marvel Cinematic Universe as Scarlet Witch or Wanda Maximoff. She was born and raised in Los Angeles, California and graduated from NYU in 2007 with a degree in acting.

A&E hangouts: The Olive Market’s impact on historic Redlands


The smiling faces of adults and children, the smell of pastries and coffee, wafts in the air, as soon as someone enters the Olive Avenue Market. 

The front of the Olive Market that can be seen on Olive Avenue. (AVA LARSON/ETHIC NEWS)

In historic Redlands, California, the Olive Avenue Market sits on the corner of West Olive Avenue and South Michigan Street.

The shop is filled with vintage candies, soda and drinks.

There are many seating areas in and around the Olive Market. The patio in the back has many picnic tables, benches and even a small play area for kids. It’s surrounded by plants and has a beautiful view of all the Victorian houses. 

The back patio of the market. In the back patio, customers, there is a place for children to play and walk around. (AVA LARSON/ETHIC NEWS

In the back patio, there is seating available for customers to dine. (AVA LARSON/ETHIC NEWS)

After being built in 1924, the Olive Market shared their shop with one of the first ever  Stater Bros Market from 1939-1974, according to the

At the Olive Market customers have a variety of drinks that they can choose from that come in many flavors and sizes. (AVA LARSON/ETHIC NEWS)

Sonia Rozzi, one of the owners of the Olive Market, says, “The little things make a difference, like knowing our customers’ orders before they even get to the counter.”

The logo of the olive market.(AVA LARSON/ETHIC NEWS)

Rozzi loves that the market has become a local hang out and makes people feel comfortable and welcome. Kids and teens from all over Redlands love coming to the market for a snack before or after school.

According to Rozzi, many of the older customers came to the Olive Market when they were kids.

Many of the customers have become friends with the employees and owners.

Michelle Buckman has been coming to the Olive Market since before they had ceramic cups. She walks everyday and always stops by the market with her friends.

The olive market’s seating on the side and in the back of the building.(AVA LARSON/ETHIC NEWS)

Employee, Sean Corrigan, says, “The Olive Market is my second home, and I love for anyone to come to visit me, and I want people to feel welcome.”

Many people take their kids to the market to get pastries and drinks, like Marty Morision, who takes his kids to get hot chocolate and cookies.

The market also has a great brunch menu on the weekends that includes avocado toast, pancakes, different omelets and many more items.

The Olive Market’s brunch menu is only available on Saturdays and Sundays. (AVA LARSON/ETHIC NEWS)

The market opens at 7 a.m. and closes at 2:30 p.m. daily.

Spotify Weekly Playlist: Sad songs for a sad hour


Sometimes you feel bummed out and you need to cry. These songs are here to support you for when you do. These songs provide comfort with artists such as Ricky Montgomery who are able to sing about emotions you never knew you had.

Line without a hook by Ricky Montgomery

Mr Loverman by Ricky Montgomery

Heather by Conan Gray

Bubble Gum by Clairo

Love Like you by Lizz Robinett

Strawberry Mentos by Leanna Firestone

Hopelessly devoted to you by Glee

My heart is buried in Venice by Ricky Montgomery

Snow by Ricky Montgomery

A soulmate who wasn’t meant to be by Jess Benko

Suneater by Leanna Firestone

Spotify Weekly Playlists: Dance Like Nobody’s Watching


Need that one playlist to just dance and mosh all your feelings to? Well, Ethic News has the playlist for all of one’s dancing and moshing needs. This playlist is filled with feel good songs to get your boogie on.

What You Know by Two Door Cinema Club

Someday by The Strokes

(If You’re Wondering If I Want You To) I Want You To by Weezer

A-Punk by Vampire Weekend

Why so Serious? by Alice Merton

Conga by Gloria Estefan, Miami Sound Machine

Understatement by New Found Glory

Alright by Supergrass

Are You Gonna be My Girl? by Jet 

Hard Times by Paramore

Citrus Valley girls’ soccer team returns for another season


Back for another season, coaches and student athletes prepare for the 2021-22 soccer season at Citrus Valley High School. Tryouts for the girls’ soccer program were held from Monday, Oct. 18 to Thursday, Oct. 21 from 6 a.m. to 7:30 a.m..

As players and coaches alike returned for a new season, mask restrictions have been lifted and students have the opportunity to practice comfortably mask free.

Junior varsity girls’ soccer coach Cassondra Delgado and varsity girls’ soccer coach Norma Mendez observe girls scrimmaging a small game  (Photo from Allen Thoe)

Coach Kim Zollinger, the freshman coach, says, “The hype of a new soccer season is underway for the girls soccer program at Citrus Valley. As coaches, we are looking forward to another great season. The tryouts for the 2021-2022 season has blown us away with the amount of student-athletes participating and the competition is definitely present. As the freshmen coach, I look forward to having a season for the freshmen team to compete in and experience High School level soccer. I feel blessed to be a part of an incredible program of athletes and coaches.” 

During the four days of tryouts, the days were organized to give the athletes an opportunity to showcase their talent to the coaches.

 Coach Cassondra Delgado, the junior varsity coach states, “I am very excited to be back for another year of coaching. I enjoy working with the coaches and interacting with the girls in the soccer program. Something I am really excited about is the new talent coming in this year. We have a lot of great players, so I can’t wait to compete and play a high level of quality soccer.” 

On day one, coaches set up five different stations for the girls to cycle through each of them and have the opportunity to show their skills. In the five stations, there was a 35-yard kick, a small shuttle run, shots on goal, dribbling and a 40-yard sprint.

 On day two, girls were encouraged to run a mile and a half under 12 minutes for varsity due to the high amount of running the sport requires for conditioning. After the run, coaches separated the girls by their last names and finished up stats from the previous day. 

On day three of tryouts, girls were split into three to four players and played small one-on-one games and so on amongst each other.

 Nearing the end of tryouts, day four was the big day where the girls really got to show their abilities and played multiple half-field scrimmages.

Coach Norma Mendez instructs girls on what day 1 of tryouts will consist of and how they will be scoring their stats. (Photo by Allen Thoe)

After tryouts came to an end, coaches and teams began practices preparing for the preseason to kickstart the 2021-22 season. Underway for the league season as the new year rings in, teams of all three levels begin their preseason games against local high schools. Schools throughout the Inland Empire have all set up friendly scrimmages amongst one another to prepare their teams for league games. 

In the month of December, preseason gives teams the opportunity to begin playing as a team.

Spotify weekly playlist: Weekend Vibes


Everyone needs a good weekend playlist; whether you’re cleaning or just hanging out, here’s some fun songs to listen to. With a mix of uplifting songs, this playlist is perfect for anything. Maybe you’ll even find a new favorite song.

Golden by Harry Styles

4EVER by Clairo

505 by Arctic Monkeys

More Than A Woman by Bee Gees

Heaven Knows I’m Miserable Now by The Smiths

Stargazing by The Neighborhood

Lover’s Rock by TV Girl

my future by Billie Eilish

How You Get The Girl by Taylor Swift

Tongue Tied by Grouplove

Sunflower Vol. 6 by Harry Styles

Cupid’s Chokehold by Gym Class Heroes

Students show their skills in Redlands East Valley’s Talent Show


On Nov. 19, Redlands East Valley Highschool hosted the annual talent show at 6 p.m. in the Blackstone Theater located on campus. The show consisted of 14 students of all grades who showcased their talents for three cash prizes for the top three winners. The first place winner, Eric Napoletano, won a one-hundred dollar cash prize for his performance on the drums playing “Tom Sawyer.” The packed crowd was also treated with a surprise performance from the Eduskators, the REV teacher band of Doug Porter and Andrew Hoch. 

News Brief: Auditions for “Too Much Light Makes the Baby Go Blind”


“Too Much Light Makes the Baby Go Blind” is a fast-paced 60-minute show that contains 30 miniature plays that are written and performed by students. Auditions are open to any junior and senior at Citrus Valley High School. At the audition, students will be given a scene to perform as a cold read. There will be no pressure to memorize or prepare a scene in advance. Although not required, students are greatly encouraged to write a short one- to two-page scene or monologue that will be reviewed to help determine casting. 

Acting, writing and technical skills are aspects that are being looked for during the auditions for “Too Much Light Makes the Baby Go Blind.” Auditions for the production are on Dec. 10, at 3:15 p.m. in the Blackhawk Theater. Students have the ability to become a writer or work backstage on tech for the show; however, they are still required to attend the audition. At the audition, they must clarify that they are interested in writing or working backstage on tech. Students can participate in multiple areas if they choose.

Information on the upcoming auditions. (Provided by Victoria Ramirez)

Head student directors Victoria Ramirez and Sophia Partain say they are looking for “storytellers, writers, creative thinkers and those interested in acting.” 

If there are any questions, please feel free to contact them through their emails and .

Spotify Weekly Playlist: Variety Pack


With hundreds of music genres it may be overwhelming on which ones to listen to. This playlist has songs from all types of genres. No matter if you are into blues or pop, this playlist has you covered. This is the perfect place to find something new.

Little Wing by Jimi Hendrix

Riptide by Vance Joy

Just What I Needed by The Cars

Fly Away by Lenny Kravitz

Leave The Door Open by Bruno Mars

Africa by TOTO

Two Princes by Spin Doctors

Ride It by Regard

Faded by Alan Walker

I Can Dream About You by Dan Hartman

News brief: Orangewood AVID students visit Whitewater Preserve 


The Advancement Via Individual Determination students at Orangewood High School visited Whitewater Preserve  on Nov. 18 to educate themselves on local environments that aren’t often being spoken about.

The trip consisted of hiking, observing, and talking. Out of the 26 students that attended, they were separated into groups with a naturalist that led them around the preserve while listing many facts about Whitewater. 

OHS AVID teacher Lou Ann Perry said, “Perfect day away for students, peaceful and a great way to reconnect with our environment, no cell phone distraction, great to take a break away from stress.”

The students and even the chaperones expressed that they loved being there. The rangers were always at work and kept busy maintaining the grounds for visitors. The hiking was slightly fast paced, but very informative as to what students were looking at while they were walking. 

John Aidoo, an AVID senior at OHS, says, “It was a great scenery that was surrounded by positive people and was very educational.”

The area and land at Whitewater is unique in its entirety. The landscape was dry land, but makes a home for many animals and its environment where “the animals don’t depend on the rangers for survival,” says naturalist Jennifer Lopez.

Izaiah Ramos, a junior at OHS, says,  “The hike up the mountains was nice and felt good overlooking something that isn’t busy roads.”

According to the naturalist, Jennifer Lopez, this land is now dry and used to be filled with water. It is surrounded by mountains. (Mya Trujillo/ Ethic News photo)

Orangewood senior Alexis Garcia and AVID teacher Lou Ann Perry hike with the group of students on Nov. 18. Naturalist Jennifer Lopez spoke to the group about where the water flows in from and how it helps the animals in the area. (Mya Trujillo/ Ethic News photo)

This pond is home to unique wildlife. (Mya Trujillo/ Ethic News photo)

Towards the end of the field trip, naturalists spoke to AVID students and thanked them for coming. (Photo courtesy of Lou Ann Perry)

Spotify Weekly Playlist: “Emo” hits of the 2000s


In the early 2000s, the “alt” subcultures flourished with many great hits that still define the ideology and feelings of the group today. These are a few of the classics that any former “emo” kid would recognise and enjoy.

Welcome to the Black Parade by My Chemical Romance

Thnks fr th Mmrs by Fall Out Boy

I Write Sins Not Tragedies by Panic! at the Disco 

Helena by My Chemical Romance

Sugar we’re going down by Fall Out Boy

My Happy Ending by Avril Lavine

Bring Me To Life by Evanescence

Gives You Hell by All American Rejects

Dear Maria, Count Me In by All Time Low

Redlands Superintendent Mauricio Arellano visits Orangewood High School


Superintendent Mauricio Arellano came to Orangewood High School on Nov. 17 to speak to students and look at the new remodels in the classrooms.

“The purpose of coming was to meet the students, meet the staff, get to look at some of the instruction that’s happening,” said Arellano. “I wanted to look at some of the remodels, like the library, some of the science rooms are still kind of in process — it’s going to take a while. I hadn’t seen the new culinary kitchen, so there’s a lot of good — the PE room, so that was a big part of coming.”

Arellano was doing the visits with Susan Abt, president of the Redlands Teacher Association. This was their second visit after their visit to Redlands High School earlier in the week. 

Arellano said, “It’s not just me coming today, this is actually a collaborative schedule…so that people see us as a united force, that we’re here for kids and the staff and the principals.”

From left: Superintendent Mauricio Arellano, Orangewood High School seniors Debbie Diaz, Linayah Timmons and Joseph Pacheco and Redlands Teachers Association President Susan Abt. (Ethic News photo)

“I think it’s been very beneficial for everyone to see us together, working together as a team, instead of two different groups,” Arellano said.

Students in Kimberly Lott and Louise Gonzales’ classes made posters to make the superintendent feel welcome. 

Senior Victor Encarnacion Ruiz said of Arellano visiting his first period class, “He felt like a future self of us, looking down on us, and it felt like someone was saying, ‘Don’t worry’.”

When Arellano and Abt visited Gonzales’ Integrated I math class, Gonzalez said Arellano would ask students what they were doing. In Lou Ann Perry’s English 11 class, he asked students about their upcoming AVID field trip to Whitewater.

“I enjoyed asking a lot of the students as I walked through, you know, do they like the school, do they feel supported,” said Arellano, “and everyone — at least that I talked to — said they really enjoy the school and appreciate and feel like they’re getting support.”

“One kid told me that he was tired and yawned,” said Arellano. 

Arellano laughed and said, “That’s okay. I’ve had those days.”

Orangewood High School students in a Mathematics II class take notes on Nov. 17, 2021, while instructor Louise Gonzales explains out the new lesson they’re starting. (JOSEPH PACHECO/ Ethic News photo)

Orangewood High School teacher Matt Stewart works with a small group of students on Nov. 17, 2021. Stewart says, “We were discussing the Rube Goldberg contest — the upcoming rube Goldberg contest — where the final step is to open a book and so we were talking in class about how many different ways we can open a book with the machine.” (DEBBIE DIAZ/ Ethic News photo)

A new Culinary Arts kitchen, recently integrated into the Orangewood High School campus, is one of the new remodels of the school. (DEBBIE DIAZ/ Ethic News photo)

3-D printers are some of the new equipment upgrades in Matt Stewart’s Career and Technical Education classroom at Orangewood High School. (DEBBIE DIAZ/ Ethic News photo)

A remodeled Career Center was recently finished at Orangewood High School. (DEBBIE DIAZ/ Ethic News photo)

Opinion: Homework should decrease in Redlands Unified School District


Homework has been required in academic settings for years, but is it really helpful for students? This question has been thrown around within the academic setting for decades since it’s invention in 1905 as a punishment.

Homework is an unhelpful tool to students and it is about time it is removed or at least decreased in schools. Homework does not only increase burnout and take up more of students’ free time, but it doesn’t improve academic abilities, as well.

Burnout has already been a problem for students in the Redlands Unified School District, making it hard for students to actually learn. This problem is escalated with teachers giving out homework on the weekends, which are supposed to be students’ break days. 

Redlands High School freshman Adrian Sandoval stated, “It’s a feeling that if you don’t face it, you feel even more disappointed, but if you deal with it, it ends with even more exhaustion — but that’s the only way to become calm and orderly again. If you don’t keep in the lines of managing time good and bad, it all ends up bad.”

The weekend homework point bleeds into the argument that homework takes too much of a students’ free time. Work life balance is constantly pushed in today’s society, but students are never able to achieve a healthy balance with the tons of homework pushed on them. Students are told that they should be able to have time outside of school, but the amount of homework received would tell them otherwise.

Citrus Valley sophomore Jasmine Rosales poses for a picture on November 12. The picture is supposed to symbolize the overbearing amount of work students receive.

With later start and end times, many students are unable to consistently get home at reasonable times. This means they could spend the rest of their evening doing tedious assignments that might not even help them.

This is the most common complaint among students: homework doesn’t help them improve academically. Alfie Kohn, an American lecturer and author with a focus on education, stated, “There is absolutely no evidence of any academic benefit from assigning homework in elementary or middle school.” 

Kohn also states, “At the high school level, the correlation is weak and tends to disappear when more sophisticated statistical measures are applied.”

What could be a solution to this homework problem? Simple, ban or decrease the amount of homework a student gets. 

Most, if not all, problems would be solved by just decreasing the amount of homework students get. Burnout would be decreased and students would have more free time without homework.

Homework has been a problem for most students for years and it’s about time something is done about it. 

It’s time districts learn what Doctor Kevin C. Costly of Arkansas Tech University has found in his research, that “In-school supervised study had a greater impact on achievement than homework, and achievement did not increase when students spent more time on homework.”

El consejojuvenil de Redlands involucra a los estudiantes en el gobierno local


Cámaras del consejo vacías mientras los estudiantes esperan que lleguen más junto con la concejal Denise Davis para comenzar la reunión (MAURICIO PLIEGO / foto de Ethic News)

La concejal Denise Davis, que representa el primer distrito de la ciudad de Redlands, ha iniciado un grupo para los estudiantes del Distrito Escolar Unificado de Redlands, llamado Consejo Juvenil de Redlands.

Un total de 30 estudiantes de varias escuelas en el RUSD como Citrus Valley High School, Redlands High School, Redlands East Valley High School, Loma Linda Academy y Grove High School postularon y fueron aceptados en el programa.

Desde que Davis, directora del Centro de Recursos para Mujeres de la Universidad de California, Riverside y profesora adjunta de la Universidad de Redlands, recientemente se interesó en que más personas participaran en el proceso político, inició el Consejo Juvenil de Redlands.

Davis dice: “Me gustaría tener más educación sobre el gobierno local y el compromiso cívico cuando estaba en la escuela secundaria, entonces estoy encantada de tener esta oportunidad de relacionarme con los estudiantes de la escuela secundaria en Redlands”.

Zaid Hintzman, estudiante de último año de Redlands High School, es miembro del consejo, presidente de Speech and Debate de Redlands High School y organizador de GenVocal.

Hintzman dice: “Estaba interesado en el consejo porque la concejal Davis parecía genuinamente interesada en capacitar a los estudiantes para que hicieran cambios”.

El propósito del Consejo Juvenil de Redlands es educar a los estudiantes sobre el gobierno local y el compromiso cívico. Pero también es un lugar donde pueden compartir preocupaciones y trabajar juntos para resolver problemas dentro de la ciudad.

Charles M. Duggan, el administrador de la ciudad de Redlands, está hablando con los estudiantes y respondiendo sus preguntas relacionadas con el cambio climático y la falta de vivienda. Duggan supervisa los diferentes departamentos y administra las operaciones diarias de la ciudad. (Foto cortesía de Denise Davis)

Miyah Lopez y Mauricio Pliego junto a Denise Davis como líderes de los recientes movimientos de Estudiantes por el Cambio en el Distrito Escolar Unificado de Redlands. (Foto cortesía de Taryn Thomas)

El consejo tendrá un papel indirecto en afectar las decisiones tomadas dentro de la ciudad. Los miembros del consejo tendrán la oportunidad de interactuar con otros miembros del consejo, personal de la ciudad y otros que influyen en las decisiones dentro de la ciudad, según Davis.

Ella dice: “El consejo de la juventud me asesorará sobre cuestiones de política que consideren que deben abordarse en la ciudad de Redlands”.

Uno de los muchos miembros es Miyah Lopez, estudiante de último año en Citrus Valley. Ella es la directora ejecutiva de Blackhawks for Change, una iniciativa dirigida por estudiantes destinada a crear conciencia sobre los problemas sociales dentro del campus de Citrus Valley y la ciudad que lo rodea.

López dice: “Pensé que sería una gran oportunidad para ser educado sobre la estructura del gobierno local y quería hacer un cambio en nuestra comunidad. En esto, espero aumentar la diversidad en nuestro sistema, aumentar la igualdad racial en nuestra comunidad y tratar de hacer de Redlands un lugar seguro para todos ”.

Seguimiento del districto escolar de Redlands confirmo los casos de COVID-19


Comenzó un nuevo año escolar para el Distrito Escolar Unificado de Redlands y surgió una pregunta sobre si la seguridad es suficiente o no para los estudiantes. Desde el mes pasado, el sitio web del distrito se ha actualizado con casos confirmados de COVID-19 a través de un panel de control del distrito en su sitio web.

El tablero del distrito rastrea y pública los casos confirmados dentro de un período de dos semanas para cada escuela.

El RUSD recientemente agregó un tablero COVID-19 en el sitio web del distrito para las escuelas dentro del distrito. El panel incluye un gráfico de casos de covid de 14 días y casos recientemente reportados. (DESTINY RAMOS / Ethic Photo)

COVID-19 se descubrió por primera vez en diciembre de 2019 y luego causó la pandemia global que aún permanece, dos años después. Exactamente un año después de que se descubrió el primer caso, se informó el primer caso de la variante Delta. Desde entonces, se abrió camino por Europa antes de llegar a Estados Unidos en marzo de 2021, donde ahora predomina la variante.

Casi al mismo tiempo que la variante Delta llegó a los EE. UU., La mayoría, si no todos, los estudiantes y el personal habían comenzado a regresar a las escuelas de todo el país. En el RUSD, aprender en línea era una opción, mientras que estar en el campus era la otra. Dependiendo del estado, es posible que algunos estudiantes no hayan tenido la opción de aprender desde la comodidad de sus propios hogares. Muchos estudiantes se vieron obligados a ir al campus o permanecer en línea, y otros pudieron elegir por sí mismos. Independientemente de si los estudiantes eligieron asistir a la escuela en persona o no, todos habrían regresado a la escuela independientemente del estado en agosto de 2021.

A medida que los estudiantes de los EE. UU. Comenzaron a ir a la escuela, las tasas de COVID-19 aumentaron muy rápidamente. En el lapso de un mes, la tasa de casos de siete días había aumentado de 30.000 por semana el 20 de julio a 145.000 casos por semana el 20 de agosto. Más de la mitad de estos casos fueron reportados por estudiantes y personal escolar de todo el país.

Después de un año de aprendizaje a distancia, la mitad de los estudiantes de RUSD regresaron a la escuela en abril. Se tomaron muchas precauciones para garantizar la seguridad de los estudiantes. Estas precauciones incluyen el requisito de máscaras, distanciamiento social, estaciones de desinfectante de manos alrededor de la escuela y el uso de plexiglás en las aulas.

Sin embargo, todas las precauciones, menos los requisitos de mascarilla y las estaciones de desinfectante de manos, se levantaron en agosto.

Algunos estudiantes están de acuerdo en que las escuelas no son seguras para asistir debido al COVID-19 en este momento.

 “[Los casos de Covid] no se pueden controlar y todavía se están extendiendo por las escuelas, independientemente de las máscaras. Ambos se propagaron a través de los deportes y de personas que ni siquiera sabían que tenían covid o la variante delta ”, afirmó Jenna Tampubolon, estudiante de segundo año en Citrus Valley High School.

Otros prefieren asistir debido a su experiencia con el encierro antes de la pandemia.

“No me importa si es inteligente o no, prefiero vivir con Covid que volverse loco en la soledad”, dijo Rico Weaver, estudiante de segundo año en Citrus Valley.
Puede encontrar un enlace al panel de control de RUSD COVID-19 en

Read this article in English here:

Sophia Partain takes center stage


Many students participate in theater at Citrus Valley High School. However, some students are looking to take their experience a step further than just high school plays. 

Sophia Partain, a senior at Citrus Valley, is a perfect example of a student with that ambition. 

Partain has been a part of the Blackhawk Theater for four years and starred in the fall play Puffs as a lead female role. 

She is involved in choir and serves as the president of Thespians Club. She also participated in the French Club. 

In addition to theater, Partain is taking three Advanced Placement classes this year: AP French, AP Literature and AP Calculus. She is familiar with the academic rigor that AP classes possess, as she has taken them since freshman year. 

Her favorite part of being at Citrus Valley, in particular, is the rivalry between three high schools in the Redlands Unified School District: Redlands High School, Redlands East Valley High School and Citrus Valley. Since Partain attended Moore Middle School, she has many friends attending REV,  making the rivalries more exciting.

Partain says she’ll miss being a part of theater, her teachers and the friends she’s made at Citrus Valley. 

Sophia Partain, a senior at Citrus Valley High School smiles for a photo (BELLA ESPINOZA/Ethic News photo)

In her free time, Partain enjoys reading a lot as well as crafting. Another hobby of hers includes crocheting, an activity she picked up during quarantine. 

Partain says her biggest inspirations are her parents and brother. Partain’s father is a Citrus Valley English 12 teacher and her brother, Jack Partain, is a sophomore at Citrus Valley. 

Partain’s talent has not gone unnoticed. Many of her peers have recognized her talent and success. 

Amber Sibbett, a freshman at Citrus Valley, says, “Sophia is one of my favorite seniors! She works incredibly hard and has beautiful talent. She makes sure everyone feels welcome and you can always count on her to do her part.” 

Emma Ritter, a freshman at Citrus Valley, participated in the play Puff and worked closely with Partain. 

Ritter says, “She is an amazing actress and it’s so much fun watching her. She is also super nice and really fun to talk to.” 

With only seven more months until her high school career is over, Partain plans for her future. She hopes to major in Musical Theater and apply to many colleges, local or across the country. 

Spotify Weekly Playlist: Road trip Vibes


Although most of the world is stuck inside, that does not mean we have to be sad about it. These are some songs that give you road trip vibes, but whether you travel or not this playlist can be a fun way to commemorate different places. Even if we all come from the same city, state or county, all places can be seen or celebrated differently, which can create a wide range of diversity and culture.

Portland by Bowling Shoes

West Virginia by The Front Bottoms

Los Angeles by The Midnight 

Beverly Hills by Weezer

Jesus in LA by Alec Benjamin

Hello Seattle by Owl City 

Miami by Taking Back Sunday

Welcome to New York by Taylor Swift

Houson by R.E.M.

Strasbourg by The Rakes

Opinion: Schools should teach pronouns to support students, reduce discrimination


Trigger Warning: This article mentions suicide rates.

Every 1 in 4 LGBTQ youth use pronoun combinations outside of the gender binary construct, according to

Newer pronouns should be taught in schools to show their importance. Nowadays, more and more people, old and young are using different pronouns than the standard she/her and he/him. It could help students feel more supported, especially if they’re not supported at home. It could help reduce discrimation and increase the respect of gender non-conforming individuals. 

Nowadays, people have been using them more than the “normal” pronouns. The news station Time says 26% of individuals identify as non-binary while 20% question if they are transgender. 

Ryleigh Fort, a student at Citrus Valley, who uses she/they/he pronouns, states, “I think that newer pronouns, such as they/them and neopronouns should be taught in school because not everyone uses the ‘regular’ she/her, he/him pronouns. It’s also helpful for people to get accustomed to using them when they’re older. Not only that, it can help people who feel trapped in the wrong body feel more comfortable and not as dysphoric.” 

Students who may not feel supported at home could feel a sense of security at school when people understand how to use their pronouns. The Trevor Project, a LGBTQ organization, says, “Affirming LGBTQ youth’s gender by using pronouns that align with their gender identity has shown to improve mental health outcomes.” 

Pronoun pin that was obtained in the beginning of the school year. (MARSHAL SCOTT/ Ethic News photo)

When people intentionally misgender someone it can be very hurtful to a person’s mental health, especially if they’re already struggling. An act as simple as asking for someone’s pronouns and respecting their pronouns could potentially save someone’s life.

According to the Trevor Project’s 2020 National Survey on LGBTQ Youth Mental Health, “TGNB (Transgender and Gender Non-Binary) youth who reported having their pronoun respected by all or most of the people in the lives attempted suicide at half the rate of those who did not have their pronouns respected.”

By having schools teaching students about newer pronouns, the rates of suicide, discrimation to one’s gender identiy and much more could be dropped immensely. Starting as young as first grade would be an appropriate age to teach kids about pronouns. Having just a lesson on the pronouns could be using, whether it being neopronouns, or the standard pronouns would help people who may not feel connected to their assigned sex at birth.

Pronouns such as they/them, it/its, xe/xem and many more should be a part of schools curriculums to ensure the students understand the importance. By doing so students would feel like they’re understood, and could potentially be excited to go to school without having to worry about not being accepted.

Correction: The last three paragraphs were inadvertently not included in the original publishing of this article at 2:45 pm on Nov. 9. The correction was made at 5:25 pm to include the full original article, with the intended last three paragraphs included.

Video: 50 Questions with Ethic – Wildcat executive president chats candidly 

Interviewed by MAURICIO PLIEGO


Directed by ISAAC MEJIA

Come join Ethic News as they interview Redlands East Valley High School Associated Student Body Executive President Shannon Cockerill. Cockerill answers questions about her life inside and outside of school as well as some fast, controversial “this or that” questions at the end of the video. 

Q&A: Redlands child nutrition staff discuss school lunches 


The quality of school lunches has been a subject of debate for districts around the country for many years and students have often expressed their dislike for them. Lunch distribution has posed many questions such as: Are they substantial for students? Are schools providing enough food to get students through the day?

At Redlands East Valley High School, there are baskets of fruits that students can have easy access to after they grab the rest of their meal. These fruits play a vital role in a healthy diet. (KENDRA BURDICK/ Ethic News photo)

In recent years, there has been a push to have healthier food in schools. The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 was designed to improve children’s health by reducing childhood obesity rates.

Despite the intentions of this legislation, many schools still serve unhealthy food to their students. A 2020 study, Impact Of The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act On Obesity Trends, by the Harvard School of Public Health found that two-thirds of school districts serving lunches below the federal guidelines.

The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 requires that lunches served in schools must be improved and made healthier. 

To provide further insight on the substantiality of school lunches and how they are prepared, an interview with Josie Perez was held. Perez is the nutritionist at Redlands Unified School District. 

Is the food sustainable for a growing teenager? 

As the registered dietician for the school district, we go by the USDA standards to what we feed our kiddos, and our students at schools, the high schools, middle schools and elementary school level. So the amount of food in terms of what is provided by the USDA, we make sure we hit that and that if not go above that.

How do you respond to any negative comments about the food? 

In the lunch room at Redlands East Valley High School, there is a stack of empty cardboard containers that are no longer being used. Instead they are replaced by more plastic containers to hold the food in. (KENDRA BURDICK/ Ethic News photo)

I would have to say, I listen to it and we try to make modifications as we go along. I know like yesterday I got a call from a parent. She was concerned because her child felt that the school meals weren’t good and they didn’t like them. And I was like ‘oh, I’m sorry.’ I wanted that feedback because the way I see it, the more feedback I get from the students, I can make those changes on the next menu that comes out. It’s very helpful in seeing what you guys like or don’t like, what we think you might like versus the reality of what you really like.

Are there any meals served that you feel are distasteful? 

No, we try our best to pick the items we put on the menu as a team, and it’s not my own personal choice. We discuss anything new to be tested and see ‘ok, does this work? Will it not work?’ So, I’m proud of the choices we try to make for our district and if what we think doesn’t work we try to switch it out the next time around and find something more appropriate for the kids.

Do you think that the food served has enough culture involved? 

I try to balance that out when we can on the menu. We try to do things like a little Italian here, Chinese, do American. I wish we could get a little more ethnic diverse food, but that’s something that we can grow into time as we are still getting back into having our kitchens open. But if there are any ideas or suggestions of what students would like to have, we would be more open to hearing it and seeing if it’s something we could possibly make.

Two items on the school’s menu that are popular amongst the students are the pepperoni pizza and the spicy chicken sandwich, often served with chocolate milk. (KENDRA BURDICK/ Ethic News photo)

Would you eat some of the school lunches? 

Yes. I actually eat some of the school lunches, I try to go to schools and see how the sites are cooking and try it there and see ok “would I eat this? Are the kids eating this?’ I do try the food. 

What is the hardest thing about your job? 

I mean every job is hard but it’s just figuring out how to solve the problems and I know, like food choices and flavors, I’m not going to please everyone. But, we try our best to reach the mainstream. But, yeah, I think developing the menu can be hard at times. But, it’s actually really rewarding too because it’s interesting to see what the kids like and don’t like. 

How much input do you have on the menu selection? 

I have a good amount, but as I said, I share it with our department team. Here we have a team of three field specialists and then also a central kitchen lead where we evaluate products. We evaluate and taste to see if this is a good product, if we want to bring it in or not, so it’s definitely a team effort in siting what is purchased. 

To discuss some common questions, an interview was conducted with Denise Sathda. Sathda is a child nutritional services worker at Redlands East Valley High School and is responsible for school meal preperation. 

How many students get served the school lunch everyday? 

Between 850-900. 

How do you respond to the negative comments? 

Well, it depends on what negative comments, like if they say ‘oh it’s cold’ we say well I’m sorry you know it happens. And if it’s about the food you know it’s what they sent us you should be grateful, this is not a restaurant, you know we try to do our best with what they give us.

Are the ingredients in the food fresh? 

For the salads, we have the fresh spinach, the lettuce, the tomatoes, the cucumber. And the fruits we get daily also, all the fruits, the veggies.

What is the hardest thing about your job? 

We have many things to cook like everyday. Every once in a while, they will change the menu. So, we’re going to be changing the menu in October to see what the new menu is. We have the orange chicken and the cheeseburgers, we don’t just put things in the oven. We need to, you know, cook them, put together the sauce, the rice. The rice takes like two hours for example, so it depends on the menu. Some days are easier than others.

For more information on nutrition and food services at RUSD, visit

Orangewood SkillsUSA chapter donates to Redlands Animal Shelter



Orangewood High School students from the local SkillsUSA chapter decided to do a toy drive for dogs and cats. They took a field trip to the animal shelter on Oct. 28 to drop off the donations and to experience visiting the animals at the shelter. 

According to the SkillsUSA California website, their goal is to ”empower people to become world class workers to become leaders and responsible American citizens to help the citizens improve the quality and life of our nation’s future skilled workforce.” 

The OHS Skills USA chapter got students to help donate items for the local Redlands Animal Shelter. Members shared their opinion on the experience at the animal shelter and what caught their eye. 

Photos above: The SkillsUSA chapter from Orangewood High School took a field trip to donate items to the Redlands Animal Shelter on Oct. 28. The students held an animal toy drive at school and walked to the shelter to donate the items. (Photos courtesy of Alexis Garcia)

“They have more pit bulls than any other animal. It sucks because pit bulls are always in the shelter,” said Isaiah Dennie, OHS SkillsUSA vice president. “A lot because people think they are ugly, but they are actually very beautiful and cool dogs.”  

Johnny Dominguez, OHS SkillsUSA treasurer, said, “I think this place needs more money to be treated a little better and wish the animals get treated a little better, but they look happy,” said Dominguez.

Lissette Atkinson, an officer at the Redlands Animal Shelter, shared about how she felt with OHS students being there and donating.

“It’s great I love having you students here and we appreciate it a lot and for you guys to come visit us means a lot,” said Atkinson.

“And we are glad to give you knowledge about what the animal control does and what the animal shelter does, because not a lot of people know and a lot of people think, ‘oh they are just dog catchers, they are just there to catch dogs and there to be mean.’ Absolutely not,” said Atkinson. “We are primarily educators and we care about the animals and we want to make sure we give you guys the proper tools to be a successful animal owner.” 

According to the Skills USA website, they are “a national non-profit organization, who is serving middle school, high school and college students. SkillsUSA is a partnership of students, teachers and industry working together to ensure America has a skilled workforce.” 

To learn more about California SkillsUSA visit

Redlands Youth Council engages students in local government


Empty Council Chambers as students waits for more to arrive along with the Council Member Denise Davis to begin the meeting (MAURICIO PLIEGO/Ethic News photo)

Council Member Denise Davis, who represents the first district in the city of Redlands, has started a group for the students of Redlands Unified School District, called the Redlands Youth Council.

A total of 30 students from various schools in the RUSD such as Citrus Valley High School, Redlands High School, Redlands East Valley High School, Loma Linda Academy and the Grove High School applied and were accepted into the program.

Since Davis, the director of the Women’s Resource Center at the University of California, Riverside and adjunct faculty member at the University of Redlands, has recently been interested in having more people involved in the political process, she started the Redlands Youth Council.

Davis says, “I wish that I had more education on local government and civic engagement when I was in high school, so I’m thrilled to have this opportunity to engage with high school students in Redlands.”

Zaid Hintzman, a Redlands High School senior, is a member of the council, Redlands High School president of Speech and Debate and an organizer with GenVocal.

Hintzman says, “I was interested in the council because Councilwoman Davis seemed genuinely interested in empowering students to make changes.”

The purpose of the Redlands Youth Council is to educate students about local government and civic engagement. But, it is also a place where they can share concerns and work together to solve problems within the city.

Charles M. Duggan, the Redlands City Manager, is speaking to the students and answering their questions related to climate change and homelessness. Duggan oversees the different departments and manages the everyday operations of the city. (Photo courtesy of Denise Davis)

 Miyah Lopez and Mauricio Pliego stand with Denise Davis as leaders of the recent Students For Change movements in the Redlands Unified School District. (Photo courtesy of Taryn Thomas)

The council will have an indirect role in affecting decisions made within the city. Members of the council will have a chance to interact with other council members, city staff and others who impact the decisions within the city, according to Davis. 

She says, “The youth council will advise me on policy issues that they feel need to be addressed in the city of Redlands.”

One of the many members is Miyah Lopez, a senior at Citrus Valley. She is the executive director of Blackhawks for Change, a student-led initiative meant to bring awareness to social issues within the Citrus Valley campus and the city around it.

Lopez says, “I thought that it would be an amazing opportunity to be educated on the structure of local government and I wanted to make a change in our community. In this, I hope to increase the diversity in our system, increase racial equality in our community and try to make Redlands a safe place for all.”

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Halloween proves to be a dangerous time of year for black and tuxedo cats


During the month of October, it can be dangerous for tuxedo and black cats across the world. These cats often suffer miserable treatment this time of year. People tend to associate black cats with bad luck from the witch rumors that had happened in the olden years, making them a common target for mistreatment. 

People often adopt black and tuxedo cats as halloween decorations, then quickly move on and get rid of them. Other times it could be worse mistreatments like abuse, and sacrificial rituals and death. 

Starting around the medieval times and continuing on to 2014, while other attempts for cat rituals haven’t been disclosed in more recent timing.This practice has been going on, in a way to “protect” people from evil spirits.  According to the staff from Oakland Veterinary Referral Services, “Many of the old Pagan religions also associated the black cat with witchcraft and evil. This carried through into Medieval times, where witches were said to take the form of a black cat at their will. During the witch trials, black cats were often burned at the stake alongside witches.” 

The common misconception is that both black and tuxedo cats tend to bring bad luck towards families who adopt them. These are the reasons why they are the least adopted cats, and why there’s a lot in shelters. The team from Priceonomics writes, “ Black and white cats, also known as “Tuxedo” cats, have an unusually low adoption rate at just below 70%.” In some shelters, workers are even being cautious on letting people adopt these cats during October to make sure the cats are not in any danger. Redlands animal shelter has a strict adoption process.  Often doing a check in by contacting the family to see the wellbeing of their new pet.

Eight month old black cat by the name of “Boo” sits in her cat bowl after trying to capture the red dot from her laser pointer. (MARSHALL SCOTT/Ethic News photo)

 People make sure to keep their black cats indoors during halloween to prevent harm towards them. People sometimes even tend to foster these cats during this time. After fostering them they’ll put them into a no-kill shelter to insure their safety even more. Even creating a small food and sleeping area for them could help the lives of these furry guys.

“Venom: Let There Be Carnage” brings a interesting and new experience for Sony’s October release 

By Emmitt Murphy

Note: This article will contain spoilers. 

Directed by Andy Serkis, “Venom: Let There Be Carnage” is the highly anticipated sequel to 2018’s “Venom” starring Tom Hardy as Eddie Brock and Venom and Woody Harlson as Cleatus Cassady and Carnage.

The image is the logo for the movie “Venom: Let There Be Carnage.” The film started production on November 18, 2019 but was delayed in Spring of 2020.  File:Venom Let There Be Carnage logo.jpg.webp. Sony Pictures Entertainment from This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.

Released in the United States on Oct. 1, the film has grossed $90 million on its opening weekend with a current box office total of $353 million.

Critics seem rather indifferent about the film with ratings of 60 percent on Rotten Tomatoes, 48 on Metacritic, and 6.5 on IMDb. On the other hand, audiences seemed to enjoy the film with an audience score of 84 percent on Rotten Tomatoes and a 6.3 on Metacritic.

The film wastes no time and jumps straight into action. Within the first 20 minutes, Cleatus’s motivations are set and the amazing computer-generated imagery for Venom is shown in full, not to mention the witty banter between Eddie and Venom. While Cleatus and Carnage’s rampage through the city, watching Eddie and Venom argue like a married couple is very entertaining.

The finale is down wonderfully, from the action to the atmosphere. The fight was incredibly tense as Venom was at a disadvantage at almost every moment, not to mention the incredible CGI on both symbiotes.

“‘Venom: Let There Be Carnage is action packed and has many humorous moments,” says Citrus Valley freshman Presley Price. “The special effects were excellent along with the soundtrack. Overall, I liked the movie and recommend it to Marvel and sci-fi fans.” 

Though the movie is fun to watch, critics aren’t too fond of the film due to plot conveniences such as how the symbiotes can do almost anything.

As Eddie searches for the bodies of Cleatus’s victims, Venom is seemingly able to do everything. From perfectly remembering a drawing on a wall to making Eddie type extremely fast.

Carnage also falls victim to the symbiote plot convenience. In the movie, Carnage is able to do incredibly outlandish actions, including hacking a computer to find the location of Ravencroft Institute.

With a runtime of only one hour and thirty minutes, Naomie Harris’s character of Shriek is not able to get any character development. She appears to be a simple plot device to give Eddie and Venom a disadvantage with her staple super-sonic screams.

For anyone with a liking to superhero movies or anyone who just likes a fun experience, the film is a good watch.

Also, Spider-Man fans who plan to see the film might want to stay past the credits.

Blackhawks take victory over Wildcats football



The Redlands East Valley varsity football team faced off against Citrus Valley High School in Dodge Stadium on Friday, Oct. 8. A well-played game by the Wildcats, but the Blackhawks took the win with a final score of 7-57.

REV Analysis:

Redlands East Valley put up an admirable performance at the game. With the score aside, they showcased many great traits of the team. 

However, a few crucial flaws gave way to the landslide victory. These hiccups revolved around inconsistency.

Inconsistency with tackling was a huge part of the problem. Many times Wildcat defensive players were in the correct position but were unable to bring the opponent down. These occurrences resulted in Blackhawks gaining points and eventually touchdowns.

 Citrus Valley High School, wearing the white and black uniforms, kicked off to Redlands East Valley High School, wearing the red and black uniforms, on Oct. 8 during the third quarter of the game. This sight was a common occurrence due to Citrus Valley’s high score. (CRAIG MORRISON/ Ethic News photo)

Another area of improvement is speed. The Wildcats’ safeties and cornerbacks were simply not fast enough for the Blackhawks’ wide receivers. The Blackhawks’ receivers would gain a lead between their defenders and easily catch a throw for massive gains of yards.

On the positive side, the Wildcats displayed many noteworthy attributes during the game.

The Wildcats’ quarterback had great, fast and accurate throws. He was throwing the ball quickly after receiving it which really helped the Wildcats pick up some yards. 

The Wildcats’ offense also improved play variety. More passing plays were seen in this game compared to the previous one and even a fake punt was attempted.

In addition, the Wildcats’ defensive line was working hard this game. Kaden Khalloufi, linebacker for the Wildcats, was able to sack the quarterback in the middle of the third quarter.

All in all, the Wildcats have some areas that need improving but put up a great and entertaining game on Friday.

Citrus Valley Analysis:

Citrus Valley made their ultimate comeback on Friday, Oct. 8 as the varsity football team faced off Redlands East Valley. The Blackhawks put much hard work into this game, which clearly paid off with the win and score of 7-57. The varsity team had lost their previous two games to Centennial and Cajon high schools, with the winning teams leading by ten or more points.

One of Citrus Valley plays during the third quarter that resulted in another touchdown for the Blackhawks. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic News photo)

The Blackhawks were off to a great start. Eight minutes into the game, player number four made the first touchdown of the night, which was the beginning of the Blackhawks’ touchdown streak. 

The Citrus Valley Spirit Crew attended the game and led students with chants such as “you have no field” and “we can’t hear you.” Although the chants were well unexpected, the Blackhawks did not disappoint their team. 

The first quarter ended with Blackhawks leading 0-14. 

The second quarter was consistent with two touchdowns and one field goal. Wildcat player number 23 had gotten REV’s first touchdown, but that would have been the only time the Blackhawks would allow the Wildcats to score that night. At second-and-27 in the game, player number 4 made a 20-yard touchdown pass. The score was 7-27, Blackhawks leading by halftime. 

The third and fourth quarters had the Blackhawks leading by more and more points. Great plays were made that eventually resulted in the high score and victory against REV. The Wildcats may not have gotten the best score, but they did fight hard and gave an entertaining game.

Spiritleaders Ashley Pham, Jenna Negrete and Malani Tauli cheer for their team after the final Blackhawk touchdown in the fourth quarter. (DESTINY RAMOS/Ethic News photo)

Photos: Dragons end softball season with 3 home runs against Birch


Orangewood High School participated in their last softball game of the season on Oct. 13 against Birch High School, hitting three home runs and concluding their season with a win.

Orangewood High School senior Jocelyn Gomez runs to first base versus Birch High School on Oct. 13. The OHS Dragons are coached by Mark Perkins. (DEBBIE DIAZ/ Ethic Photo)

Orangewood High School junior Jesse Navarro pitches to Birch High School on the Oct. 13 softball game. Navarro is the Dragons’ main softball pitcher. (DEBBIE DIAZ/Ethic photo)

Orangewood High School senior Jocelyn Gomez prepares to bat versus Birch High School on Oct. 13. As as senior in the last game of the season, Gomez played her last softball game. (DEBBIE DIAZ/ Ethic photo)

Orangewood High School junior Alicia Zaragoza waits for the coach to announce safe or out on the Oct. 13 softball game versus Birch. “Zaragoza is our best first baseman,” says OHS senior Jocelyn Gomez. (DEBBIE DIAZ/ Ethic News)

Orangewood High School senior Jocelyn Gomez rounds first base in the Oct. 13 game versus Birch High School. As a senior in the last game of the season, this is the last softball game Gomez plays for the Dragons. (DEBBIE DIAZ/ Ethic News)

Smudge Pot football game fuels burning school rivalry


Wildcats celebrating their 5th consecutive Smudgepot victory in 2017. (ANDREW VINES/ Ethic News photo)

It’s October and that means two things for Redlands East Valley High School and Redlands High School students: Halloween and the annual Smudge Pot football game. The Smudge Pot game is the rivalry between the REV Wildcats and the RHS Terriers.

To start off, what even is a smudge pot? A smudge pot is a device that burns oil and is placed in orchards in order to keep the trees from frosting their leaves and their fruit.

Although the use of these orchard heaters has been illegal in California since 1947, that does not stop the symbolism of the smudge pot from prevailing in Redlands, California, once home to more than 15,000 acres of orange groves.

On the smudge pot, a statement is engraved: “A perpetual trophy, honoring redlands’ citrus industry heritage, passed to the winner of the annual Redlands High School vs. Redlands East Valley High School football game, in the spirit of friendly competition and sportsmanship.” (AILEEN JANEE CORPUS/ Ethic News photos)

The beginning of this rivalry amongst two schools started in 1997, the first year that REV was open, and continues to this day every school year in October.

Per tradition, whichever school wins the football game also wins the smudge pot with the score of the game engraved on the smudge pot. In the past 23 years, Redlands East Valley High School has taken the smudge pot 14 times, and Redlands High School has taken it 10 times.

The Smudge Pot game is also a great opportunity for the REV Litterbox and the RHS Boneyard to show their school pride and high spirits. In past years, students have painted their bodies according to their school colors and have cheer-offs against the opposing school.

For this 2021-2022 school year, the Smudge Pot game will occur Friday, Oct. 15 with gates opening at 5:30 p.m. and kickoff at 7:00 p.m. at the RHS football stadium, Dodge Stadium.

Tickets to the game can be purchased at any time on the website, and game-day tickets will be available for purchase. Tickets for adults are $8 and tickets for students are $5. Children 6 and under and students with an ASB card will be admitted to the game for free. 

Good luck to both teams, and may the best team win.

Redlands School District tracking confirmed COVID-19 cases


A new school year started for the Redlands Unified School District and a question arose on whether or not safety is enough for students. Since last month, the district website has become updated with confirmed cases of COVID-19 through a district dashboard on their website.

The district dashboard tracks and publishes confirmed cases within a two-week period for each school.  

The RUSD recently added a COVID-19 dashboard on the district website for the schools within the district. The dashboard includes a 14-day covid case chart and newly reported cases. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic Photo)

COVID-19 was first discovered in December of 2019, and later caused the global pandemic that still remains, two years later. Exactly a year after the first case was discovered, the first Delta variant case was reported. Since then, it swept its way through Europe before reaching the United States in March of 2021, where the variant is now predominant. 

Around the same time the Delta variant made its way to the US, most, if not all, students and staff had begun to make their return to schools all over the country. In the RUSD, learning online was an option while being on-campus was the other. Depending on the state, some students might not have had the option to learn from the comfort of their own homes. Many students were forced to go on campus or stay online, and others got to choose for themselves. Whether or not students chose to attend school in person, they would all have returned to school regardless of state in August 2021. 

As students around the US began school, COVID-19 rates escalated very quickly. In the span of a month, the seven-day case rate had risen from 30,000 per week on July 20, to 145,000 cases a week by Aug. 20. More than half of these cases were reported from students and school staff around the country. 

After a year of distance learning, half of the RUSD students returned to school in April. Many precautions were taken to ensure the safety of students. These precautions included the requirement of masks, social distancing, hand sanitizer stations around the school and the use of plexiglass in classrooms. 

Yet, all precautions, minus the mask requirements and hand sanitizer stations, were lifted in August. 

Some students agree schools are not safe to attend due to COVID-19 at the moment.

 “[Covid cases] can’t be controlled and are still spreading through schools regardless of masks. They both spread through sports, and through people who didn’t even know had covid or the delta variant,” stated Jenna Tampubolon, a sophomore at Citrus Valley High School. 

Others prefer to attend due to their experience with lockdown earlier in the pandemic. 

“I don’t care if it’s smart or not, I’d rather live with Covid than go insane in solitude,” said Rico Weaver, a sophomore at Citrus Valley.

A link to the RUSD COVID-19 dashboard can be found at

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Homecoming Court tradition remains alive at Redlands East Valley High School


Homecoming has become one of the most anticipated weeks in the school year. Not only because of the dance itself, but due to the festivities surrounding the event, which includes a pep rally, carnival, spirit week, minimum day and the announcement of the Homecoming court at the Friday football game. Overall, these Homecoming celebrations help promote school spirit and welcome back students and faculty. 

However, students often become accustomed to these traditions without truly knowing how Homecoming came to be. 

Homecoming was originally used in colleges before it spread to high schools.

The University of Michigan is credited with beginning the tradition of Homecoming in 1911, according to the National Collegiate Athletic Association,

Missouri Athletic Director Chester Brewer encouraged their alumni to return to their school for their annual football game against the University of Kansas, which drew a crowd for a weekend of festivities surrounding the game. Since then, its growing popularity among colleges has allowed homecoming to become a staple in American high schools. 

The Homecoming football game also draws much excitement as the Homecoming court is announced. 

The Homecoming court comprises students who are voted in to represent the student body as king, queen, princesses and princes. However, the tradition initially began with only women competing for the title of queen. 

At Redlands East Valley High School, one boy and one girl from each grade level need to be nominated from a sport or club to be a candidate. Then, after a voting period that is open to all students, the princesses and princes are announced at the Homecoming pep rally during school while the senior king and queen are revealed at the Homecoming football game. 

The REV Homecoming court was unveiled on Oct. 1 during their football game against Beaumont High School at Citrus Valley High School. Their court consists of the following students: Kadin Khalloufi as the king, Shannon Cockerill as the queen, Maxwell Cannon as the junior prince, Brooklyn Martinez as the junior princess, Palmer Aguilar as the sophomore prince, Amanda Morrison as the sophomore princess, Cash Dabbs as the freshman prince and Ciela Pickett as the freshman princess. 

Redlands East Valley High School senior Kadin Khalloufi wins Homecoming king alongside his mother Kathi Khalloufi on Oct. 1 during halftime of the REV Homecoming football game against Beaumont High School at Hodges Stadium. Khalloufi is the varsity football captain and was playing in the Homecoming game prior to halftime. (MIA ARANDA/ Ethic News photo)

At REV, Khalloufi is a varsity football captain and participates in varsity wrestling, volleyball, Possibilities club, National Honor Society, California Scholarship Federation, Key club, tutoring club and Speech and Debate.

“I think there is great honor in being the Homecoming king as you represent the majority opinion of the school,” said Khalloufi.

He continues, “It’s crazy to me that people actually wanted me to be Homecoming king and I still am in shock over it.”

Redlands East Valley High School senior Shannon Cockerill wins Homecoming queen alongside her father Brian Cockerill on Oct. 1 during halftime of the REV Homecoming football game against Beaumont High School at Hodges Stadium. (MIA ARANDA/ Ethic News photo)

At REV, Cockerill is REV Associated Student Body Executive President, varsity soccer captain, the vice president of Chess and Games club and the president of the Red Cross club. She is also a part of varsity track and field, Key club, Mental Health club, NHS, CSF, Interact club and Heal club. 

“Everything I am in and have been involved in for the past four years helped me get to know a lot of people. I knew them from one activity or another and took the time to remember them and them remember me,” said Cockerill. 

“Being homecoming queen to me, is more than being a popular person. It was being someone people remembered for being kind, positive and friendly.”

Redlands East Valley High School seniors Kadin Khalloufi and Shannon Cockerill are crowned as Homecoming king and queen on Oct. 1. Khalloufi and Cockerill were both involved in Homecoming activities with Khalloufi as a football captain and Cockerill as the executive president for Associated Student Body. (MIA ARANDA/ Ethic News photo)

Blackhawk alum Carl Keiser welcomed as a full-time teacher at Citrus Valley High School


Seeing familiar faces on campus is important and as the school year starts, Citrus Valley High School’s class of 2022 has started to realize former resident substitute Carl Keiser is back and has his own classroom.

Carl Keiser poses with Paul Beaumont, a previous teacher and now colleague. (BELLA ESPINOZA/Ethic News Photo)

After spending two years teaching moderate-to-severe disabled students in transitional kindergarten through second grade at Cram Elementary School, Keiser is now at Citrus Valley teaching grade 12 English and Integrated Math IA and IIA.

Keiser says, “My Cram students have a very near and dear place in my heart because they were my first.” 

But, he is excited to tackle his first year at Citrus Valley and aims to show his students the true value of what they are learning.

Keiser says the biggest difference from subbing across campus is that he has the same students every day. 

“Seeing them at the beginning of the year and then at the end of the year will be truly rewarding,” Keiser said. 

Since most of his substitute teaching positions last for a month at a time, the amount of time Keiser has spent with his students is more than he normally would have. 

Keiser says, “We are already past a long term sub position, so this is already uncharted territory.”

Paul Beaumont, a world history teacher at Citrus Valley and one of Keiser’s previous teachers, said that Keiser “saw the practicality of what we were teaching and saw how it could be useful.”

He has used what he learned from being a student himself and transformed that into a teaching style that encourages and guides students. 

Beaumont has had a few of his students become teachers and even colleagues, but he especially believes Keiser is ready for the task of teaching. 

¨It’s great to see [Keiser] grow up, mature, and thrive in his profession,” said Beaumont. “He can do whatever he wants, because he’s got the skills.”

Kenneth McGrath, Citrus Valley Advanced Placement Literature and Composition and the Expository Reading and Writing teacher, remembers Keiser as a fantastic student and being super involved in school. 

McGrath said Keiser “is just capable of so much and is just starting to scratch the surface” with this new beginning. 

As he establishes the foundation of his new career, Keiser has taken inspiration from McGrath, Beaumont and Maria Deveau, a fellow Spanish teacher at Citrus Valley. 

With a strong team of supportive teachers, Keiser has readily made the shift from substitute to full-time teaching.

Wildcat alumni April Saibene joins Redlands East Valley High School counseling staff


April Saibene, once a student at Redlands East Valley High School, has returned to REV this school year as a newly hired counselor. After working as a counselor at Clearwater Elementary School in Perris for two years, Saibene was first hired at REV as a temporary counselor covering grades ten to 12, last names Dj-J, but a few weeks into the school year, she obtained the permanent position.

Redlands East Valley High School counselor April Gamez in her office on Sept. 8. Gamez counsels sophomores, juniors and seniors with last names starting from Dj to J. (MIA ARANDA/ Ethic News photo)

Born in Brawley, California, Saibene lived in Mexico until the age of three; her parents were both born in Mexico, therefore she is a fluent Spanish speaker. In addition, she has lived in Redlands and Mentone. In free time, Saibene enjoys spending time with her family. She and her husband, Andrew, currently have a seven-month child named Sonny. Saibene also has three siblings: Diana Gamez (REV 05′), Frankie Gamez (REV 07′) and Angel Gamez (Citrus Valley 12′).

Saibene graduated from REV in 2010. She considers counselor Laree Orland a mentor during and after high school; Orland is currently the counselor that covers all Advancement Via Individual Determination students.

While at REV, Saibene participated in track and field and cross country, coached by Andrea Johnson, and softball with Jim Cruz and Sandy Crumrine as her coaches. She also played soccer outside of school recreationally. 

Saibene, being a lover of sports, had thought she would pursue a career surrounding sports in some aspect, such as by majoring in kinesiology. 

However, she ultimately decided to major in sociology. 

While working toward her bachelor’s degree at Cal State University, San Bernardino, Saibene worked as a waitress at Johnny’s Tacos and Sports in Redlands for four years.

Following earning her bachelor’s degree in 2014, Saibene then worked at Tom Bell Chevrolet for two years. While she was there, she was a receptionist and worked her way up to service writer and later assistant manager. 

Afterwards, Saibene attended the University of Redlands to pursue her master’s degree in school counseling while starting to substitute in the Redlands Unified School District. She graduated in 2019. 

In addition to coming back to REV, Saibene is also entering the same campus as her older sister, Diana Gamez who is  currently in her ninth year of teaching Spanish and Advancement Via Individual Determination teacher at REV.

Gamez used to eat lunch in her room and keep to herself, but now she tries to stop by at least once a day to visit her sister to say hello or have lunch together. 

Gamez says Saibene “has a heart of gold and is very compassionate. I know she really liked working at the elementary school level, but I honestly think she’s going to do great things at REV.”

Saibene attributes her sister to being one of her role models as Gamez was the oldest and most influential to her and her siblings. 

The personal one-on-one aspect of counseling is what Saibene loves most. She didn’t want to become a teacher because she feels she works better with individual, small groups compared to a big group. 

Amid this pandemic, Saibene believes that dealing with grief, lack of social skills and not being cognizant of school expectations are some of the biggest challenges that students are facing.

Due to COVID-19, losing family members has become a common occurrence for some students. 

As a result of distance learning for the 2020-21 school year, Saibene feels that some students haven’t developed a grasp for expectations for in-person learning, especially freshmen and sophomores who had never been on the REV campus yet. 

“Technically, our seniors were only here for a year and a half, so they didn’t really get a feel for the expectations or like the rituals, you know the things that we have here at REV that make it REV,” said Saibene. “I think that’s a challenge that [students] are facing; they just don’t know and they don’t know what to expect and they all still feel scared and nervous.”

However, in order for students to be successful in high school, Saibene strongly recommends getting involved in something at school, such as clubs or sports. 

“I would say make sure you stay involved, be nice to your adults, self-advocate for yourself, [and] speak up for yourself,” said Saibene.

At REV, Saibene aspires to be someone that students and staff feel comfortable coming to. 

“I hope to be a safe place for students and staff where they feel comfortable with me whether it’s sharing good news or bad news, if they need some guidance, advice, or just a room for them to vent,” said Saibene.

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Citrus Valley Homecoming prompts endearing proposals


Citrus Valley High School’s Homecoming for the 2021-22 school year is scheduled for Sept. 25. This announcement has prompted many students to ask their friend or crush to join them on the special night.

Juan Montes, a junior at Citrus Valley, asked  Citrus Valley junior Ashley Pham, to homecoming on Sept. 11. Pham, a gymnast and cheerleader, said yes to Montes after he asked with a walkway of  rose petals and candles and a poster that said, “If my puppy dog eyes don’t work, Maybe Leia’s will.”

“I was really surprised, because I came back from a four hour practice and that was the least thing I was expecting, so I was really happy and excited,” said Pham. 

The two are attending as best friends, proving that a homecoming date doesn’t necessarily have to be a love interest.

Juan Montes asked Ashley Pham to homecoming with candles, rose petals and a sign that read, “If my puppy dog eyes won’t work, maybe Leia’s will,” referring to Pham’s dog, Leia. The pair will be attending homecoming as best friends. (Photo Courtesy of Juan Montes)

Citrus Valley seniors, Evan Burnell and Milana Espinoza, decided to go to homecoming together. Blackhawk Baseball player Brunell asked Espinoza on Sept. 10 with a bouquet of sunflowers in one hand and a poster that read, “Will you be my sunshine at hoco?” in the other. 

Although the two were dating before Burnell’s proposal, they now feel their relationship is stronger than ever.

Evan Burnell and Milana Espinoza posing with each other in the school parking lot after the proposal. Prior to the homecoming proposal, the pair was already a couple. (Photo courtesy of Evan Burnell)

Citrus Valley junior Makenna Williams accepted Citrus Valley junior Julian Ramos’s homecoming proposal. Ramos, another blackhawk baseball player and member of Equality club, took Williams on Sept. 14 to the spot of their first date where he prepared candles in the shape of a heart awaiting her arrival. He asked her with a sign that said, “Will you make this night as special as our first date and go to Homecoming with me?”

Williams said, “It was fun and exciting. I got those butterflies that gave me first type of date kinda vibes.” 

The pair recently celebrated their year and a half anniversary.

Ramos said, “I was pretty nervous, but I was happy when she said yes, I knew she would be happy with how I asked her.”

Citrus Valley junior Makenna Williams and Citrus Valley junior Julian Ramos posing with their homecoming proposal sign. Williams and Ramos have been together for a year and a half and are looking forward to homecoming. (Photo Courtesy to Julian Ramos)

Dylan Wright, a sophomore at Citrus Valley, asked Citrus Valley sophomore Sophia Imoud to homecoming on Sept. 9. During the evening football game, Wright walked onto the field  in front of everyone in the stands and asked her to be his date.

Ihmud said, “I was really surprised. I was with my cheer team and then he came with his poster and proposed in front of everyone and I was really happy.” 

Wright said, “I knew I wanted to go with her, there’s no one else I’d rather go with then. I knew I had to do something special because she is a special girl. I was scared she would say no but she said yeah.”

Sophomores Sophia Ihmud and Dylan Wright pose together on the football field after the Sept. 9 game. He asked her to homecoming with flowers and a sign that read, “Flowers are the 2nd most beautiful thing. Can I go to homecoming with the 1st?” (Photo courtesy of Sophia Ihmud)

After Citrus Valley ASB social commissioner, Emily Walos, had given a speech to the school student body to promote the event at the Homecoming Fashion Show, Citrus Valley senior varsity football player Aaron Roque asked Walos to homecoming on Sept. 10.  

He went backstage with the help of Walos’s friends and was able to surprise her with a stuffed bear and sign that said, “I could not bear to go to hoco without you.” 

Walos stated, “I was really surprised, because he had planned it all with my best friend. I am so excited for homecoming to have a great time.”

Although they are going to homecoming together, they are only friends but feel closer as friends. 

Roque said, “I felt excited, I feel like I’m gonna have a good homecoming.”

After the ASB homecoming fashion show, senior Aaron Roque asked senior Emily Walos with a sign that read, “I could not bear to go to Hoco without you,” and a bear correlating with the sign. The two will be attending as friends. (Photo courtesy of Emily Walos)

Citrus Valley sophomore athlete Micah Magana asked Citrus Valley sophomore cheerleader Jaymie Requejo to homecoming after the Sept. 9 football game. He asked her in front of the cheer squad with a football that said, “Will you tackle me to hoco?” 

Requejo said, “It was very exciting. I was happy, and I wasn’t expecting to be asked to be homecoming.” 

Magana faced a challenge with the homecoming proposal as he felt anxious and nervous asking her to homecoming. Yet, the pair, who have recently begun dating, are very excited to go to homecoming together.

Micah Magana and Jaymie Requejo have been dating since the proposal on Sept. 9. (Photo Courtesy of Jaymie Requejo)

Citrus Valley senior baseball player Tevin Bookman asked Citrus Valley senior Morgan Hendricks to be his date in the quad on Sept. 9. He waited for her to come out of the E-building for lunch with the poster he created saying, “It would be an almond joy to take you to hoco.”

“I was excited. I wasn’t expecting it, so it was interesting,” said Hendricks. 

The pair, who had recently started dating, believes that homecoming brings others together in a way no one would have ever imagined.

A sign filled with Almond Joy candies read, “It would be an Almond Joy to take you to homecoming,” along with flowers. (Photo courtesy of Morgan Hendricks)

Sophomore Gavin Close asked sophomore Lillyanne Cesena on Sept. 15 with a poster that said, “Roses are red, violets are blue, I really want to go to homecoming with you. Homecoming?” 

Cesena said yes. 

“I was nervous but I kinda had some feeling he was gonna do it so I was a little bit prepared,” said Cesena. 

Gavin Close and Lillyanne Cesena stand together with the homecoming proposal sign and flowers. Close and Cesena will be attending as friends, although both believe something more may happen in the near future. (Photo courtesy of Gavin Close)

Whether or not students attend homecoming as a couple, friends, or alone, the event is a night promising memories and a fun experience.

Citrus Valley High School Black and Gold Brigade prepares for first major post-pandemic show “Accused”


As football slowly makes its way back to Hodges Stadium, Citrus Valley High School marching band, the Black and Gold Brigade, follows. BGB will return this fall with a brand new show with beautiful, well rehearsed music for audiences all around. BGB students have been working hard to prepare for their first big show of the season, “Accused”, after a long year of distance learning.

The marching band waits for instruction on the field during their first day of band camp. This instruction would later be used for the full field show. (Photo credit to Jeicy Jimenez)

Austin Meiners, the band director at CV, states, “It’s based loosely off ‘The Scarlet Letter’ and the whole purpose of the show is to use music written from old times classically and pop music to kind of tell a story about society misunderstanding and then eventually embracing someone who is different. It’s kind of a loose idea of that but mostly it’s just coming out of COVID and I want everyone to feel like they’re part of a team again.”

Meiners said, “The show has music, specifically for the halftime show, we’ve got classical music such as Dvorak’s Cello Concerto, that has been converted for the field. We have the main theme from a movie called ‘Kill Bill’ which is famous for that little whistle, and it also has a little bit of Billie Eilish’s ‘Bad Guy’ which is incorporated in the ballad and the closer.”

CV marching band has a variety of sections and instruments to hear in the stands and see on the field. From the woodwinds, which include the flutes, clarinets and saxophones, to the brass section, which include the tubas, trumpets and trombones, to the percussion, which include the marimbas, xylophone, snare, base and tenners. Along with color guards with their flags and rifles. These four sections come together to perform at home football games and multiple competitions across Southern California.

Just like all other school sports and extracurriculars, BGB lost their entire 2020 season. However, they had the opportunity to perform at a few football games in early 2021.

“[Losing the season] definitely had an effect on how we structured everything we do. But, we are doing our best right now to comply and be safe and responsible and give the students an opportunity to make music and art together,” Meiners stated.

Students talk amongst themselves during their time in the Blackhawk theater while learning their show music. During this time, BGB students would also prepare for a parent preview of the first few show minutes on the last day of band camp. (Photo credit to Jeicy Jimenez)

Teaching band in-person once again has given Meiners much joy after so long.

“I’m so happy to be back in this environment, the students here really give me a lot of joy. The marching band is a lot of fun, but it’s exhausting. I get home exhausted, tired and late many nights but seeing the result of their effort and their work is why I come back every day with a good attitude because I see the attitude and positivity it brings others on our campus,” Meiners explained.

Black and Gold Brigade is currently hosting a fundraiser through Snap Raise that will last from Aug. 19 to Sept. 15. Donations will be put toward new uniforms, equipment and travel costs for the season.

“I really appreciate getting some information out there and I really am glad that the marching band, I think, has a good reputation on this campus as a fun and positive school place and I hope it continues to be just that. I hope people enjoy our show,” said Meiners.

After much hard work and dedication, Black and Gold Brigade made their first appearance at the first home football game of the season on Aug. 27. The halftime show and game tunes were both major successes, according to many students and parents that attended the football game.

“They sounded and looked incredible. I can’t wait to see the completed show,” said BGB parent Christina Marin.

Black and Gold Brigade students take the form of an ‘A’ for their show titled “Accused.” The very first show on Aug. 27 was a two minute preview of what their complete show would look and sound like in competitions and future home games. (Photo contributed by Christina Marin)

BGB will have their first opener preview on Sept. 18 at Redlands High School along with other bands across the Inland Empire. Attend ready to cheer for BGB and the many other bands that take the field that night. Information on upcoming BGB performances will be advertised on the BGB Instagram and in the school bulletin.

20 years after 9/11: Orangewood teachers recall shock and disbelief


Three teachers at Orangewood High School recall when they first heard about the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks: Mark Perkins, physical education teacher, Norma Beckwith, social studies teacher and Louise Gonzales, mathematics teacher.

Mark Perkins, P.E. teacher

Audio recording of interview on Sept. 10, 2021 with Mark Perkins, physical education teacher at Orangewood High School, on what he remembers about the 2001 attacks on the twin towers. Perkins recalls shock.

DEBBIE DIAZ: What were you doing on the day the twin towers were hit?

MARK PERKINS: I didn’t find out about the twin towers until I woke up that morning and then — I don’t know how I knew it was on the news — but it was on the news. Oh, I know how I knew it was one the news. I had a cousin, my wife’s first cousin, he was doing his residency at the closest hospital to where the twin towers fell. When they were bringing victims in, they were bringing them to his hospital. So he called us just to let us know how he was okay. So that’s how I found out that morning about the twin towers. Does that answer your question?

DIAZ: Yes. What was your reaction when you first found out?

PERKINS: I would say the biggest reaction is shock. I would say, you know, my wife grew in a country, she was born in Africa, she grew up in a country where there was war and that kind of — the kind of behavior that happened in the U.S. on that day was like what she remembered happening in the country that she grew up in Malawi in Africa. And nothing like that had ever been seen before in America. So it was just shock the fact that bad guys could come in and do that to us, and we just let it happen.

PACHECO: No one have responsibility.

DIAZ: Do you know anyone that was affected physically by the attack?

PERKINS: Like I mentioned earlier, my cousin was in his second year of residency at one of the hospitals, so he got to see a lot of the victims that were brought in. So I can’t say that specifically victims, but it was interesting hearing. I mean he could look out his hospital window, and he could see the towers smoking and on fire. You know, when they collapsed, he was a first hand witness to that kind of a thing. So it was interesting to hear from his perspective.

Norma Beckwith, history teacher

Audio recording of interview on Sept. 10, 2021 with Norma Beckwith, social studies teacher at Orangewood High School, on what she remembers about the 2001 attacks on the twin towers. Beckwith recalls disbelief.

DIAZ: What were you doing on the day the twin towers were hit?

NORMA BECKWITH: Getting ready to go to work, to teach at Clement Middle School.

DIAZ: What was your reaction when you found out?

BECKWITH: Disbelief initially. You know, when the first plane hit, it was like “What is going on?” But when the second one hit, I  knew we were under attack. And then fear. Fear.

DIAZ: Do you know someone that was affected physically by the attack?

BECKWITH: No, surprisingly on the West coast I knew absolutely no one. I mean, I knew of people, friends who knew people, but I was not impacted personally — my family, my friends — but, just am forever saddened about 3,000 plus lives that were lost.

DIAZ: Right, a tragedy, right.

PACHECO: Do you believe in any conspiracies?

BECKWITH: I absolutely do not believe in conspiracy theories. We were attacked by the terrorists, Al Queda. There is no conspiracy. They’re out to ruin our way of life.

Louise Gonzales, math teacher

Audio recording of interview on Sept. 10, 2021 with Louise Gonzales, mathematics teacher at Orangewood High School, on what she remembers about the 2001 attacks on the twin towers. Gonzales recalls shock.

DIAZ: What were you doing on the day the twin towers were hit?

LOUISE GONZALES: I had just gotten to my classroom, getting ready to teach for the day.

DIAZ: And what was your reaction when you found out?

GONZALES: Shock. Shock. I didn’t really know what was going on.

DIAZ: What went through your head?

GONZALES: I just…shock. Like, “What’s going on?”

DIAZ: Do you know of someone who was affected physically by the attack?


PACHECO: Do you believe in any conspiracies about the attack, like the government, or…?


PACHECO: You just believe it was a terrorist attack?


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Photos: Wildcat seniors gather for food and activities at Senior Fling


The Associated Student Body at Redlands East Valley High School hosted Senior Fling on their JV baseball fields on Aug. 20 as a way to bring seniors together at the start of the school year. The event, lasting for two hours, consisted of free food from a taco vendor and activities, such as slip-and-slide, water balloons, ping pong, volleyball, cornhole and tug-a-war. 

A taco vendor hands out plates of tacos, rice and beans to students on the junior varsity baseball fields at Senior Fling on Aug. 20. (MIA ARANDA/ Ethic News photo)

REV senior and ASB Multicultural Commissioner Catelyn Cummings said, “Personally, I thought not that many people were going to come. But, I feel like we had a good turnout and I feel like people are enjoying the activities, like I see someone at every station.” 

Redlands East Valley High School seniors (from left to right) Lilly Cooper, Emily Retamoza and Ella Fletcher play ping pong as one of the many activities offered at Senior Fling on Aug. 20. (MIA ARANDA/ Ethic News photos)

Redlands East Valley High School seniors (from left to right) Jose Contreras, Mariah Mora, Raven Silvestre and Adrian Martin sit in the grass and chat during Senior Fling on Aug. 20. (MIA ARANDA/ Ethic News photo)

As a whole, the event was slow to prepare for and required a lot of volunteers, in addition to ASB members, to help set up.  One of the main activities, the slip-and-slide, constantly demanded an ASB member to hold the hose during the event. 

Redlands East Valley High School seniors (from left to right) Soraya Coady, Luca Smith, Olivia Benz, Debbra Jedrysek, Ella Fitzpatrick, and Hanah Mansilla use the slip-and-slide at Senior Fling on Aug. 20. (MIA ARANDA/ Ethic News photos)

REV senior Andrew Hallen played tug-a-war and ping pong. His favorite part about Senior Fling was “seeing new people and hanging out.”

Redlands East Valley senior Jay Gutierrez plays cornhole alongside junior Anna Engel at Senior Fling on Aug. 20. (MIA ARANDA/ Ethic News photo)

“It’s the bee’s knees,” said REV senior Keyvon Rankin. “My favorite part was losing tug-a-war, you know what I’m saying, that’s going straight into the scrapbook. I’m going to tell my kids about it.”

More information on upcoming REV senior events will be advertised on Instagram and in the school bulletin.

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Later school start times vetoed by California state Governor


Governor Jerry Brown vetoed Senate Bill 328 on Sept. 20, under which California school start times would have been pushed back to 8:30 a.m. or later. The bill applied to middle and high schools, both public and charter.

Those who opposed the bill, including Brown, noted that a “one-size-fits-all approach” was not a good solution. Others pointed out that the change could cost schools great amounts of money to alter bus schedules. After-school activities such as sports would be pushed back as well. It could also pose problems for parents: later school start times could conflict with work start times, and, if parents have children at both the middle and high school level, non-staggered times could complicate dropping off their kids.

On the other hand, the bill’s supporters cited the years of scientific studies showing that teenagers tend to fall asleep and wake up later than other age groups. Subsequently, earlier school times result in widespread sleep deprivation. This is detrimental to students’ grades, test scores, brain development, and overall physical and mental health.

Despite these concerns, Brown vetoed the bill after it passed the legislature. However, the events still reflect the growing support behind later start times. Bills like this have been introduced before, and states other than California have instituted similar policies. Therefore, in the coming years, such rules may still be imposed on Californian schools.

Students at REV had their own opinions on the bill and its implications. Freshman Connor Lehigh said of the bill, “Good thing he vetoed it.” Lehigh was concerned about the later release time that would come with the later start time.

Senior Maha Quadri also opposed the bill: “While it sounds like a good idea, the amount of extracurricular activities people do on campus makes it illogical.”

University of Redlands clocktower. (BRANDON SAGLAM/ Ethic Photo)

Video: Student volunteers and residents beautify beaches on Coastal Clean-Up Day

Cynthia Mallett, Environmental Program Supervisor for the City of San Clemente, shares information on the annual California Coastal Clean-Up day and tips on keeping oceans clean. The Redlands East Valley High School Nature and Ecology Club participated in Coastal Clean-up Day at San Clemente Pier in San Clemente, California on Saturday Sept. 15, 2018. (Samantha Barajas/ Ethic video)

Video: What do you know about 9/11?

Most students at Citrus Valley and Redlands East Valley high schools were born after September 11, 2001. Students from both schools share what they know about 9/11. (Sept. 10, 2018; Filmed by Bella Espinoza, Maggie Snavely, Alison Bradshaw, Ella Fitzpatrick; Edited by Mia Aranda/Ethic Video)

Analysis of 1868 newspaper reveals timely message: Freedom and potential of the press remain responsibility of both writer and reader

“Whoever controls what is written down and passed along controls the minds of the people. That is why it is of the utmost importance of all generations, now and to come, to protect the press’s freedom, as they also in turn protect their own freedom. Newspapers must remain written by the people, for the people.”


The power of a piece of paper and a writing utensil must never be underestimated, for what caused the greatest political and social changes in global history but a handful of yellowed, wrinkled papers with profound ideals spattered upon them?

A righteous individual, armed with paper, pen and ink, has unlimited potential to bring about positive social or political change to benefit the citizens of their native country or even the world in its entirety. Such is the case throughout American history.

Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense” and the Letters of Correspondence helped to spark the Revolutionary War; William Garrison’s “The Liberator” gave a voice to the abolition movement developing in America during the Antebellum period; “The Declaration of Sentiments” would help organize and solidify the early women’s rights movement in America, which would eventually result in the equal treatment of women in America.

However, it is important not to just praise the blinding brilliance of the first spark that starts the fire, but also appreciate the small pieces of tinder that helped the spark turn into a blaze. These small pieces of tinder are formally known as local newspapers, which are crucial to the spreading of news and ideas to citizens whose knowledge of the subject is necessary for its success.

For if no one had heard of Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense” and the radical beliefs it carried then could it have had such a lasting impact on American and global history? News publication, a thing so important to Americans that it was among the first things they sought to protect in the First Amendment in the “Bill of Rights,” has been of indescribable importance to American history as it was these articles that dispensed factual information that allowed for citizens to make educated opinions on subject matters that concerned them greatly.

In order to analyze the effects that newspapers have had on America as a whole, it is imperative that publications of the past be studied thoroughly so that the evolutionary traits that connect past articles to present may be made clear.

An 1808 print publication of the Troy Daily Times. Photo by CHRISTIAN MORRISON

“The Troy Daily Times” published in Troy, New York, in 1868 is an ideal piece to study that might allow for a glimpse into the past. By examining this seemingly unimportant and obscure local newspaper, it is possible to see the political issues of the time through the point of view of local New York citizens, and also analyze how regular citizens interacted with their local newspapers nearly 150 years ago.

“…while newspapers are a great source of information and a stimulus for change, it is every American’s responsibility to check the facts provided in an article to make sure they make logical sense.”

The first thing that catches the eye is the amount of advertisements that can be found on the newspaper. Promotions for people’s medicine, jewelry, crops, clothing, woodworking, books and even medicinal businesses can be found located on the newspaper’s front and back. One such advertisement for medicine reads, “Missisquoi spring water cures cancer, cures cutaneous affections, cures scrofula, and all impurities of the blood.” Upon reading this scandalous claim, it is very clear that the art of fact checking was not invented or implemented until much later.

troy daily times 2
Advertisement section in an 1808 issue of the Troy Daily Times. Photo by CHRISTIAN MORRISON

It is also evident from the advertisements in the publication that the community utilized this paper as a means to promote their local businesses to residents of the city. In a way, these advertisements are like commercials that modern day people are accustomed to watching on television. This suggests that the newspaper was well-read by most citizens of the town at the time, who were undoubtedly interested in the happenings in the world during that time. The commercialism present throughout the paper in its entirety serves as a serious reminder that, while newspapers are a great source of information and a stimulus for change, it is every American’s responsibility to check the facts provided in an article to make sure they make logical sense.

“…it is necessary to keep in mind that news articles are still written by human beings, which makes them subject to either human error or corruption of facts…”

Though mainly unbiased, it is necessary to keep in mind that news articles are still written by human beings, which makes them subject to either human error or corruption of facts due to inducements from private individuals or groups that have an interest in contorting the truth for their benefit.

Even more interesting than the advertisements are the actual news articles themselves. They are what any person today might find in any newspaper. Book reviews, international events, gossiping pieces and more can be found within the old, wrinkled pages of “The Troy Daily Times.” By reading these ink stained pages, one can see historical events never before heard of or seen in any history textbook come to life. Under the New Books section, an unknown author praises a book called “The Bird.” This book mentioned contained hundreds of engraved illustrations on natural scenes that according to the author are “faultless, and leave nothing to be desired.” It is highly recommended that all lovers of the natural world pick up a copy of this esteemed piece of literature once more come in from their country of origin, France.

“Newspapers allow for all people of all opinions to get a word in, which allows for the masses to pick which side they feel is right and give their support to it even if they go directly against government entities.”

Continuing on through the newspaper, a long-lost figure in history is revealed: a Belgian Father named De Smet, whose main purpose was to travel through the Northwest region of the United States and bring religion and education to the native peoples living there. While he was of no large historical significance, Father De Smet has some rather important observations and opinions on the state of the environment in that region and the treatment of the natives living there at the time. During his missionary work to help lead Native Americans from their “predatorial” lifestyles into modern, peaceful agrarian culture, he noted with much frustration that “the treatment of the tribes by the government agents has been far from what it ought to be.” This meaning that the tribes in that region during De Smet’s time were being treated rather poorly by the Federal government. This statement made by Father De Smet also illustrates a great truth about newspaper publishing with that being it gives a voice to those who would normally be shunned.

Newspapers allow for all people of all opinions to get a word in, which allows for the masses to pick which side they feel is right and give their support to it even if they go directly against government entities. Unfortunately, Father De Smet’s viewpoint would not be adopted by the majority of Americans and would lead to the continued abuse of the Native Americans. The condition of the Buffalo populations on the Great Plains in 1868 is also made plain through the interview of this religious figure. He noted that the Buffalo populations were decreasing rapidly as the Indian tribes of the region hunted them for much needed food. His account provides a grim foreshadowing that came true as frequent hunting of the buffalos in the Great Plains did indeed reduce their great multitudes to dwindling numbers. Through the interview of a figure that history deemed unworthy of her pages, the progress that led to well-known events and trends is made clear in a way that cannot be replicated by reading a history textbook.

“…it is necessary for all to be vigilant and actively assess the way the information is presented to them, so that they may discern if the newspaper publisher is trying to sway their opinion rather than provide them with factual information.”

Finally, we get to a prime example of yellow journalism that is displayed most clearly in an article entitled “The Destruction Caused in a Single Minute.” In this piece, the author details how a devastating earthquake caused the deaths of thousands of people and destroyed countless buildings on one peaceful day in the City of Caraccas in a single minute. The author paints a vivid picture of piles of rubble intertwined with the bodies of the victims, who were crushed underneath the piles of falling stone. However, in the article the author claims that “at least ten thousand peoples were killed in the churches alone.” This single phrase indicates that such an article was exaggerated in order to sell more papers. Though the fact that an earthquake did occur in the city of Caraccas is undeniable, it is questionable that almost 10,000 people died from being in churches at the time of the earthquake alone. This magnification of the events that occurred is but one example of what is now known as yellow-journalism, which is a tactic that newspaper publishers utilized that involved the exaggeration of certain events in order to sell more copies of their newspapers.

Due to such practices in publication, it is necessary for all to be vigilant and actively assess the way the information is presented to them, so that they may discern if the newspaper publisher is trying to sway their opinion rather than provide them with factual information. Such vigilance is required in order to keep the will of the people their will and prevent the control of the masses by media corporations that are still present to this day.

“…it is up to the people to safeguard the freedom of the press, for if the press loses their freedom so will the people who once relied upon them to aid them in the formation of their opinions.”

Looking at such an ancient informational text, one expects to find a huge difference between the way news was reported to the masses then and now. The truth though is that newspaper publishing has remained relatively unchanged. Of course, certain ways of reporting, such as yellow journalism, are now frowned upon and fact checking is now a must for newspapers to ensure that their readers are getting the most accurate information. However, beyond certain improvements in reporting tactics and the adoption of a more modern writing style newspapers remain unaltered at their core. They are a changing constant, if that makes much sense. Though the writing and reporting styles may change, newspapers will always be what they were always intended to be: pieces of paper that contains information for the masses.

As long as free speech is protected and safeguarded, newspapers will continue doing the job that they have been entrusted with from the earliest ages of the world. “The Troy Daily Times,” though historically unimportant, is an important reminder of this eternal truth. However, it is up to the people to safeguard the freedom of the press, for if the press loses their freedom so will the people who once relied upon them to aid them in the formation of their opinions.

Whoever controls what is written down and passed along controls the minds of the people. That is why it is of the utmost importance of all generations, now and to come, to protect the press’s freedom, as they also in turn protect their own freedom. Newspapers must remain written by the people, for the people. All Americans must strive to keep newspapers in the present like those found in the past: like that of “The Troy Daily Times.”

Murillo, Arellano: Students ‘will not be penalized’ for participating in Mar. 14 walkout


“It can hardly be argued,” Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas explained, “that either students or teachers shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate.”

But what about when students leave the schoolhouse gate? More specifically, when students across America and Redlands walk out of their classrooms for 17 minutes on March 14 in support of the Parkland shooting victims, will their constitutional right to free speech remain?

Answer: yes—with exceptions.

To begin with, schools—and those within them—are not the bastions of free discourse that Aristotle and Sophocles might have hoped. According to the oft-quoted ruling in landmark Supreme Court case Tinker v. Des Moines, students have a right to protest and to voice their opinions as long as it does not “materially and substantially interfere with the requirements of appropriate discipline in the operation of the school.” Alternatively, in the case of Morse v. Frederick, as long as a poster saying “Bong Hits 4 Jesus” is not close to school grounds.

Even though organizers of the March 14 walkout do not plan on rolling out provocative posters onto school campuses nationwide, students’ rights to free speech can still be limited by school officials. Though not as overt as suspending students, teachers can assign tests or quizzes during the time of the walkout, and school districts have the power to label participants as truants and punish them as such. But for Redlands East Valley principal Jennifer Murillo, the opportunity to learn from the walkout is much more valuable than punishing students for leaving school.

“It’s never our intent to block or prevent a student from leaving campus or participating in some sort of protest or walkout or march,” says Murillo, “but it would be our priority to make sure that kids are safe. At the end of the day, if we can learn something from these experiences and if we can learn something that’s going to make REV better or is going to make every student’s experience here at school better as a result of it, that’s the goal. I want to focus on what we can learn from it, not how kids are going to get penalized—that’s not the point of it. The point is, ‘what statement are you trying to make and how are you going to try to make things better?’”

In essence, while students who participate will not face behavioral consequences, they will still be responsible for any and all work missed during the 17 minutes of absence.

“One of the things we’ve expressed to teachers is that students are responsible for whatever they have missed. If teachers suddenly assign a pop quiz at that time, the students who have walked out will be accountable and responsible to make that up. They have to be given the opportunity to make it up, but they won’t be penalized,” Murillo said.

Principal Murillo stated, “I would hope that people would use this opportunity to reach out to those on campus that don’t have a place or don’t seem to fit in. We all know that we can walk through campus and see all of those people who are sitting alone. If we can use this as a chance for the student body to reach out to those people or help people realize that they do have a place here, that they do count and they are important, that’s how you as a school would honor the victims and the people who have suffered with the loss of their life. So often you hear about kids and the troubled past that they have or things that have happened in their life and if we can be proactive and if we can make everybody feel that this is their home and this is their safe place, I think that would be a positive thing to come out of it.”

Redlands Unified School District superintendent Mauricio Arellano agrees. “Our principals and staff are prepared to provide a safe environment for students,” he says. “Staff has been asked to ensure that if conversations and/or debates occur amongst the students, that they facilitate, model and ensure it is done in a respectful manner and it does not disrupt the school climate.”

Arellano continues. “In the curriculum of our history books we have read about the different components of our democracy and we learned many lessons about civics and government. This is an opportunity for students and staff to create a learning opportunity and learning experience.”

Whether or not students choose to participate in the walkout, the school district is prepared to make the event a safe, inclusive environment through which to share ideas. Students can rest assured that their efforts to honor the lives lost in the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School shooting in February will not be hindered by district personnel.

“In summary,” says Arellano, “our goal for Wednesday is to ensure students and staff safely continue with the rich educational program scheduled for students on that day all across the district and certainly to take a moment and think of the families, friends and educators who were affected in such a terrible manner.”

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Citrus Valley’s Spanish Club has fourth annual salsa contest



On Tuesday, March 14, 2018, Citrus Valley’s Spanish Club hosted their annual salsa contest during lunch in the Blackhawk Bistro.

For the past four years the Spanish Club has been hosting this event to see who makes the best salsa on campus. 27 people signed up to participate, and out of those, only three won.

Both students and staff members were given a slip of paper to vote on which salsa was their favorite, and after the salsa contest was over the winners of the contest were announced.

The winners for this year’s Salsa Contest were Mya Quintana (first place), Clarissa Uribe (second place), Ms. Abby Brossia and Mrs. Melanie Meyer (third place). Each of the winners received a free movie ticket to Harkins Theatre.

CV’s Spanish Club hopes to continue this tradition in the following years as they feel it is a great way for everyone to enjoy free chips and salsa

AP classes: Are they worth it?



With Advanced Placement testing season on the horizon and thick reams of review packets already being doled out, many students find themselves wondering whether taking these difficult courses now will be worth it in the end. Beyond the advantage of a greater competitive edge when applying to colleges, some students elect to take these more rigorous classes with more pressing financial concerns in mind.

Traditionally, scores of four or five on the AP test can earn exemption from certain classes, placement into higher courses or credit towards a degree. This system has proven to be helpful for those looking to save money while pursuing a higher education, especially in today’s world which is so fraught with crippling student loans and dehydrated noodles. However, as of recent years, a number of colleges have come to the consensus that is sure to crush a couple of dreams and bank accounts: AP exam scores cannot replace the college experience.

Namely, Dartmouth University, part of the prestigious Ivy League, has introduced a policy thatwhile it will allow students to place out of introductory level classes or be exempted from certain requirementsmade it so that those coveted AP test scores will not equate to credits come graduation. This change in policy all originates from the Dartmouth Psychology department growing “more and more suspicious about how good an indicator a 5 on the AP psych exam was for academic success,” according to Hakan Tell, chair of Dartmouth’s Committee on Instruction. Consequently, the department ran an experiment wherein a condensed version of the Psych I final was given all incoming students who had earned a five on the AP Psychology exam and the results were disheartening. Of the over 100 students that were involved in the study, 90 percent of them failed the Dartmouth placement test. The mere 10 percent that passed received the credit that normally only a 5 from a high-school-level test would have awarded them.

Admittedly, these findings are not necessarily universally applicable, as acknowledged Hakan Tell, but it still demonstrates that while students who troop through AP courses are better-prepared, it is dangerous to assume they have collectively mastered the material of a college-level course.

So what does this mean for those still in high school attempting to juggle all those APs that seemed like a great idea at the time?

Well, collegesIvy Leagues in particularstill like to see that their next crop of bright-eyed, academically ambitious undergraduates are not only choosing to challenge themselves on a high school level but excelling in those demanding courses. In fact, College Board asserts that 85 percent of selective institutions report that a student’s AP experience favorably impacts admission decisions. In their own words, it shows that a student is “intellectually curious, unafraid of hard work, and capable of learning the knowledge and skills expected of college students.” As charmingly optimistic and remarkably self-assured as this sounds, take one step back from the picture and this statement seems like nothing more than a collections of pretty words used to mask a scheme that has had all of us in College Board’s pocket from the second we registered for high school. But that might just be the sleep-deprived student talking.

Regardless, the question of whether to AP or not to AP will always ultimately be up to the individual. Each student’s set of motives for undertaking such academic rigor however just happens to depend on the forever changing landscape of uncertainty that is the pursuit of higher education.

Makeup guide: How to cake your face like a pro


Makeup can be a fun way to express creativity, art and style, but makeup can also be a huge headache to those who don’t know much about it. Of course makeup is not a necessity, nor is it mandatory for you to be comfortable with yourself, but makeup can be used in many ways such as enhancement, special effects and expression. If the thought of makeup stresses you out and you have no idea where to start, don’t panic, this guide has you covered.

If you’re new to makeup, start simple: don’t wear more than what you’re comfortable with. Start with the basics and learn to enhance your most favorable features, and with practice, also learn to create more complex looks.


First, start with your skin. Do you have oily, dry or combination skin? Is your skin textured or smooth? Are there any features you would like to cover up? Do you have any features you would like to see even after the application of makeup such as freckles, moles or even tattoos? These simple questions will help you decide if you need primer, oil, foundation or powder. If you have oily skin, then powder will be your best friend. A nice setting powder will help absorb oil and keep makeup in place. If you have dry skin, try using moisturizers, such as lotions, primers or oils to create a base to keep your foundation from becoming patchy and flakey. If you have combination skin, try using a moisturizer that isn’t oil based. For textured skin, apply a primer before you apply your foundation, this will help fill in and minimize the appearance of pores to give your skin a more smooth look. If you’re happy with your skin and prefer no foundation, try a tinted moisturizer or even skip foundation and powder all together.

NYX shine killer primer keeps makeup matte longer, and Benefit porefessional primer helps even out textured skin for a more flawless look -both available at


Of course you can rock your bare skin or apply only powder, but for those looking into foundation, you might want to do some research. There are thousands of foundations for you to choose from, with different formulas, application styles and benefits. While researching your foundation keep in mind the amount of coverage you want and your skin type weather its dry, oily, or combination. Once you figure out which foundation you want, you need to pick out your shade, do not be afraid to ask for help: employees at MAC, Sephora, and Ulta are there to ensure your satisfaction and are more than happy to color-match you. The last thing you want is for your face to be a completely different shade than the rest of your body. When applying foundation you can use a stipple brush which works well with textured skin, or a damp beauty sponge to create a more airbrushed look.

‘MAC studio fix’, ‘Two Faced Born This Way’, and ‘MAC match master’, are full coverage foundations that work well with oily skin – all available at


There are lots of different eyebrow products some being easier to use than others. When choosing a brow product don’t get frustrated if you can’t get one to do the job the way you would like; there are lots more options which may suit you better. If you’ve never applied makeup to your brows before, start with a powder or even an eyeshadow the color of your brows and with an angled brush apply the powder to make the brows appear fuller. Run a clear or tinted brow gel over your natural brows to keep the hairs in place. Other options that require a bit more practice include brow pencils and pomade. Although these require more practice, they give a more precise look and are more effective in creating a false longer lasting eyebrow if desired.


Concealer is similar to foundation, but more heavy-duty and with fuller coverage. Concealer can be used for covering any and every flaw or mark you may want covered. Concealer may also be used to highlight and contour your face. With a flat concealer brush, apply concealer over any problem areas, as well as under your eyes, the center of your chin and the center of your forehead and blend out with a damp beauty sponge. This will help cover any dark spots under your eyes and will help make your face appear thinner. If you would like your brows to be more sharp and precise you can use concealer and a small flat brush to carve them out.


You now have your base, foundation, brows and concealer. Next you’ll need something to set your face in place. Don’t worry, this isn’t as complicated as picking a base or foundation, you have three different choices: spray, powder or both. Powder is good for keeping your foundation from sliding around and absorbing excess oils and a spray is good for either keep your face matte or dewy depending on your personal preference. You can even wear them both by applying powder with a large fluffy brush then spraying your face after to ensure a longer-lasting set.


When it comes to eyeshadow, your possibilities are endless. There are pressed powder, creme shadow, loose glitter, foils, pencils, crayons, gels, bakes and so many more forms of eyeshadow that can be used in different ways to create unique looks. Prep your eyes with a concealer or eyeshadow primer and use a white or nude eyeshadow as your base. This will help your shadows blend together much easier. As long as you blend your shadows, you can’t go wrong. Have fun with your eye makeup and don’t be afraid to express yourself.

When it comes to eyeshadow, your possibilities are endless.” Photos of and by ANNAMARIE VIGIL


A lot of people choose only to wear mascara. Mascara comes in different colors and different wands. Mascara should be applied after eyeshadow to prevent lashes from looking dusty. You can layer mascara to darken, lengthen, and volumize your lashes, or you can apply one coat and call it a day. If your looking for a more dramatic twist on your lashes, try using falsies. Fake eyelashes, also called falsies, are a good way to top off your eyeshadow and can really change the final look of your makeup. Falsies come in lots of styles, lengths and colors and can be worn more than once as long as you take proper care of them. Applying false lashes, however, can be a little difficult at first. If you don’t apply them properly, they become itchy and can poke you, hang off or even completely fall off, but as long as you practice and take your time, you’ll be able to rock falsies to their full potential.

“Fake eyelashes, also called falsies, are a good way to top off your eyeshadow and can really change the final look of your makeup.” Photo of and by ANNAMARIE VIGIL


You’ve applied your base, face makeup, brows and eye makeup, of course you can stop here, adding a pop of color to your lips can take your look to a whole other level. Try pairing a nude eyes with a pop of color on your lips  or a color on your eyes with a nude lip. By doing this you are creating an illusion of contrast which may be used to add personality into your look.

Now that you know all the basics about makeup, try exploring new products. Use these tips to create a new look and explore with what works best for you, and most importantly, have fun. Makeup shouldn’t be a headache, but rather a fun way to express yourself and be more confident.