Years-old conspiracy theories confuse people, even in 2022


Conspiracy theories have been around for centuries and some are created every day. These theories show some beliefs that have converted into explanations for things such as an organization being responsible for a circumstance or event.

No man on the moon

The conspiracy theory of man never having walked on the moon is a theory that has been around since Apollo 11 landed on the moon in 1969. (KENDRA BURDICK/Ethic News Photo)

The moon landing conspiracy theory is a widespread belief that the American Apollo 11 astronauts did not land on the Moon on July 20, 1969, and that NASA employees filmed all Apollo missions in a studio instead. Theorists from all over the world, such as Richard Godwin, author of the novel The Spirits and the article “One giant … lie? Why so many people still think the moon landings were faked,” claim that NASA staged some or all of these events with help from other organizations to fool the public into believing that a man had walked on the moon.

Godwin claims “Kaysing had contributed to the US space programme, albeit tenuous: between 1956 and 1963, he was an employee of Rocketdyne, a company that helped to design the Saturn V rocket engines. In 1976, he self-published a pamphlet called We Never Went to the Moon: America’s Thirty Billion Dollar Swindle, which sought evidence for his conviction utilizing grainy photocopies and ludicrous theories.”

The main evidence for this belief is based on photographs from NASA’s lunar surface exploration missions which show shadows in different directions and light coming from multiple directions, suggesting two sources of light (one natural, one artificial). It also suggests they were taken inside a large studio with a small window providing Earth.

Flat Earth

The Flat Earth theory has gained a lot of traction in recent years. (KENDRA BURDICK/Ethic News Photo)

A lot of people think that the earth is flat and not round as people have always been told. The conspiracy theory is often associated with religious beliefs, such as Christianity and Islam.

The Flat Earth theory was by the ancient Greeks who began the acceptance of the idea of the Earth being ‘flat.’ It had a resurgence during the Middle Ages when Christians were convinced that the earth was flat because they believed that if it wasn’t then there was no way one could reach Heaven.

Stephanie Pappas, writer for the science news site ‘Live Science,’ wrote the article “Are flat-earthers being serious,” explaining that believers of this theory can’t see to the other side because it’s blocked by ice, or that Antarctica is a giant ice wall. Others argue that NASA never went to space and all of its footage is faked. And finally, some say that we’re just living in a simulation and this planet is just one of many in our universe.

Pappas explains further “A fringe society founded in the 1950s, dedicated to insisting that the Earth is flat, has given rise to a modern ground of flat Earth adherents. These believers claim that the Earth is a flat disc and that evidence that it is round — say, pictures taken from space — is an elaborate hoax involving multiple governments. Opinions differ on exactly how the flat Earthworks, with believers concocting elaborate versions of physics and creative interpretations of the solar system to make their theories work.”

The conspiracy that the Earth is flat has been around for centuries, it has never disappeared and it seems that it’s a conspiracy theory that’ll stay for a while.


When people see aircraft flying in the sky, creating a trail of clouds, are they seeing clouds or chemicals? According to ‘Harvard University,’ “Chemtrails refers to the theory that governments or other parties are engaged in a secret program to add toxic chemicals to the atmosphere from aircraft in a way that forms visible plumes in the sky, somewhat similar to contrails.” (KENDRA BURDICK/Ethic News Photo)

Contrails are what are produced by aircraft due to engine exhaust or changes in air pressure. It is composed mostly of water. However, some people believe that this is not the case. 

The Chemtrails conspiracy is a theory that around the mid-1990s. This theory states that the government or, some secret agency, is using aircraft to spray chemicals on the general population.

According to David Keith’s Research Group at Harvard University, some thought motives for the supposed chemtrails are “sterilization, reduction of life expectancy, mind control or weather control”. Some say they poison crops to change stock prices in the economy.

People who believe in this theory state that they can tell the difference between normal contrails and chemtrails. They think that chemtrails linger in the sky longer than contrails. This of course is false.
In a 2016 poll, it was discovered that 30-40% of the United States population believed in the theory. In another 2016 study done by the Washington Post, 76 out of 77 atmospheric scientists found no evidence to support the chemtrail conspiracy.

Area 51

Area 51 is a US Air Force military installation but is known to the media as the location where the US government experiments with and hides supernatural beings. Social media has engrossed Area 51 for years because of the way “It is not accessible to the public and under 24-hour surveillance [and that] those who work fly in and out of a restricted terminal at McCarran International Airport on one of several unmarked planes permitted to fly through the airspace above” according to Britannica.

In 1989, Robert Lazar, an American conspiracy theorist and self-proclaimed physicist, told Las Vegas television reporter George Knapp that he had worked on “extraterrestrial technology inside Area 51” and saw autopsy photographs and reports of aliens within the facility, and also claimed that the government used it not as a military base, but as a place “to examine recovered alien spacecraft.”


The Illuminati conspiracy theory, which began in the 15th century, is a supposed secret organization that is seeking to create a world totalitarian government, assumed by or adopted by various groups of persons who claimed to be unusually enlightened. This government, which would consist of Illuminati members, would have reign over the entire world.

A study done in 2016 showed that 23% of Americans believe in the Illuminati. Theories about who runs the Illuminati vary. 
The Illuminati adopted antique codenames to avoid identification. Weishaupt was ‘Brother Spartacus’, named after the gladiator who headed the insurrection of slaves and kept Rome in terror for three years. Weishaupt aimed to find young zealots – using Freemason lodges as a recruiting ground – and knit them together with secrecy. Initially, anyone over thirty wasn’t trusted.”


The mythological creature, Bigfoot, has been a story told in many ways and cultures. According to Canadians, their term for Bigfoot is Sasquatch, and in Russia, they call it Yeti. Bigfoot is considered to be an “undiscovered hairy humanoid,” according to Natalie Wolchover, a writer for ‘Live Science.’

Mark Mancini, writer and fact checker for the magazine ‘The Week,’ shares “Texas veterinarian Melba S. Ketchum claimed last November to have proved via a Sasquatch DNA sample that the legendary apes are partially human. She even went so far as to insist that the government recognize them as “‘an indigenous people and immediately protect their human and Constitutional rights.’”

Old conspiracy theories that have been around for a while and new ones are all still carried around in people’s minds, all take part in how people as animals with brains and thought show as an outlet for people’s questions and theories that get created in the hemisphere.

Categories A&E

Q&A: New Wildcat theatre teacher talks perfectionism, plays and ‘Pride and Prejudice’


Starting in the 2022-23 school year, Ashley Visco is teaching at Redlands East Valley High School for her first year. She will be teaching Theatre Arts I and II. (Photo courtesy of  Ashley Visco)

Ashley Visco is a new teacher to Redlands East Valley High School staff. Visco teaches Theater Arts I and Theater Arts II and tries to make a colorful and inspiring learning environment for her students. Visco answers some questions about herself and her career below. 

Why did you choose this course to teach?

I loved theater forever. For as long as I can remember I was raised on it, a bit because when my dad was in high school he was heavily involved in theater. My sisters all loved musicals and things like that so I kinda grew up with a lot of plays and musical performances. Stories in general, I loved. I volunteered at my former high school Pomona Catholic High School, I volunteered for their theater program, helping out with their productions. I was working with the kids and I was like, I could teach this, it’d be fun and I’d enjoy doing it. But I didn’t know if I’d have the opportunity to teach a drama class, I’d always thought I’d go for English, so when this came up “Hey do you want to be our drama teacher?” I said “Yeah! I do.” I love this and it’s been really fun.

Did you teach at any other schools before REV?

This is my first teaching position and I did student teach at Upland High School and that is about it. Only Redlands so far.

 Why did you choose to teach at REV?

For sure I am really happy with REV and Redlands in general, Redlands Unified. I’ve had the opportunity to teach before this. I finished my program two years ago to work at charter schools and different things but I felt “It just doesn’t feel like a good fit.” Other schools just didn’t feel organized and it didn’t seem like they were prioritizing the kids. I almost worked at an arts high school which had a lot of theater kids coming in, but it still wasn’t the right fit for me. I got hired to do summer school for Redlands and I just really liked the district. Everyone was so nice and professional. Then this school interviewed me and was very nice and I hoped that I got the job. Everyone I’ve met has been so nice and lovely and the campus is big and beautiful and has this big, beautiful theater. My high school’s theater was like one-twentieth [the size of] of REV’s. 

 Why did you choose to become a teacher?

I talked to my English teacher saying “Hey, I want to be a writer.” Things changed with college. I was majoring in English and it didn’t feel purposeful enough, it didn’t feel like I was doing anything. It was like “what’s the point, what am I here for.” When I volunteered with those kids I thought it felt important. So I tried teaching because I liked working with young people and doing something that could matter. 

What would you be if you could have been anything other than a teacher?

I wanted to be a writer for a long time. I was very book obsessed and still am but my brain gets tired so unfortunately I haven’t sat down and read a good book in a while. I thought I’d be a writer because I love historical romance, Pride and Prejudice, and things like that. I wrote Pride and Prejudice fan-fiction back in the day. 

What’s important to you?

Respect is huge for me. Confidence is also very important because I like working with younger people and helping them find who they want to be. Especially because we all can remember what it’s like being at this time in your life (high school) its really difficult and you need those people who support you and build you up and being that person to students is important to me. Respect and love are all around for everybody. That’s something that I love about this theater department. “I can do anything and I’ve got people from different parts of theater that can come in here and try something new.” It’s an exciting position and I’d say that the most important thing is respect and love for everybody.

What’s something that you would like to tell students?

Focus on yourself. I’ve been thinking a lot about this lately cause it’s easy to get stuck in the day and your schedule and you try to get through it with your friends but it can get frustrating and it’s good to remember to focus on yourself and your needs. Especially with school, get done what you need to get done and you might not know where you’re going necessarily but that’s okay as long as in the moment, they are happy, healthy, and surrounded by people that are good for you.

What college did you go to?

I started at the University of La Verne right after I graduated from high school but my mental health started to slip a little bit to where I was struggling and I just wasn’t happy and finally I was struggling too. So I decided “Let’s take a break.” I worked and matured and tried to figure out what I wanted to do, that’s when I volunteered. I was like “Teaching sounds good. I worked with kids at the theater program and loved it.” So I went online and went to Grand Canyon University which is a cool program and I highly recommend that people decide if they want to go to college in person or not in person. I was struggling with the anxiety of being in college and being with all of those people and I realized that online works better for me. I got a Bachelor of Arts in English for secondary education, specifically for teaching English. 

What’s the biggest thing that you welcome into your classroom?

The bravery to try new things is huge and even if it’s the smallest thing. You don’t have to be “look at me” but if normally you’re kinda shy and you step out of your shell and do some of the exercises and games we play. The courage to do something silly is really important. Another thing I’ve been thinking about is that there’s so much shyness I think and the awkwardness of standing out in high school which I understand. Something that I value and appreciate is seeing someone willing to just do something as opposed to having the fear of standing out.

Who got you to where you are now?

My parents in the sense that they helped me get through a lot of school just by being very accepting and supportive. There was never too much pressure or too little pressure. They were like “Hey, we know you’re smart and do your best.” I didn’t struggle with school because of that so I appreciate that they were like that. I had an English teacher who was also the drama director at my high school. She was wild and wacky and we had a lot in common. We’d talk about Pride and Prejudice. We’d go out to Cal Poly Pomona and do Shakespearean competitions, we’d perform in front of people for prizes and stuff. My fiance has been super supportive, he’s somebody who helps you be yourself, to find out who you are and what you need. Finally, me. I helped myself get here and I don’t think I give myself credit enough which is something that I’m trying to work on cause I’ve worked hard and it’s difficult to look at yourself and say “You’re doing great right now.” I constantly think about what I did wrong and what I could do better. But it’s like “No. I’m doing great and I worked hard.” 

What is something that you’ve had to change about yourself to fit the job?

Perfectionism is deadly and I lived with it throughout my life. I didn’t realize it until I got older. There’s a part of you as a teacher, I found, that feels responsible for everything. I think that’s why some students see teachers as controlling because there’s a part of you (as a teacher) that makes you feel like it’s all your fault. If it’s not going well, you have to fix it. If a lesson didn’t go well it’s like “Oh my god, I’m the worst.” With cheating, I try to figure out what I did wrong and try to give the students a second chance. I’ve learned I need to just step back and realize that people make their choices. Everybody does what they do, naturally, you can’t step in and try to change it cause you’d be controlling them saying “Hey this, hey this.” Sometimes you’ve got to step back and let them make their choice and if their choice is to not do well in the class then it’s not my fault. If I did everything that I could do, it’s not my fault.

What is the main goal you want to see your students achieve?

Confidence is an important goal I want to see my students achieve. I want them to have enough confidence in themselves to be like “Hey, I can do this and it’s going to be okay.” My ultimate goal is to have them try acting, try to get up on the stage and use their voices. Acting did that for me, it built my confidence like now I can give back the wrong order and talk to people on the phone. Exploring is also a big thing. That’s why I picked the fall play that I did, cause I want them to explore different things from every culture and variety.

News brief: Orangewood High School hosts first Black Student Union meeting of the year


Orangewood High School hosted their first Black Student Union meeting this year on Aug.31 at lunch.  

The staff who attended the meeting were Orangewood AVID Coordinator and teacher LouAnn Perry, Family and Community Liaison and BSU advisor LaRena Garcia and Orangewood teacher and BSU advisor Vanessa Aranda.  

There were around 35 students and pizza was provided for all the kids that attended.

“The meeting was an introduction about BSU and it was also enjoyable and entertaining,” said Orangewood senior Blessen Thomas. 

At the meeting they talked about upcoming events like the Soul Food Fest on Sept. 11 at Ed Hales Park and the Historical Black College and University Fair.

“This was a good time and it was for students who wanted to join BSU. It’s a new club at Orangewood,” said Orangewood senior Anniyah Allison.

The City of Redlands introduces a new shopping center


A rendering of the state street village project with a view of how state street would be connected through the ceremonial arch in the center. (Credit / Zimmerman Visual)

With close collaboration with the city and community, Village Partners Incorporated had success at the approval of their project to develop the Redlands Mall at a joint meeting between the City Council and the Planning Commission on Tuesday, May 10, 2022. For about five hours, the developers presented the design to the city officials and held discussions regarding suggestions and revisions the city council wanted to make.

A look at both sides of the split state street in an old newspaper when the construction for the Redlands Mall was to begin in 1977. (Credit /

Before its construction in the 1970s, State Street connected between the now east and west portions of the road. There were six standard city blocks that were demolished, including the historic La Posada Hotel, to make way for a new mall that would bring new business into the city. With two stories, the other being underground, stores such as Gottshalks and Harris’ occupied the building.

Its popularity began to wane in the nineties and early 2000s once the more popular stores that occupied the mall began to be replaced by lesser known companies. In 2009, Gottshalks permanently closed their store which led to the whole mall’s closure in 2010.

Since then, the building has been rendered vacant with the exception of CVS, the only remaining tenant. Though there has been controversy surrounding the appearance of the mall, its commercial parking lot has been utilized for special events such as the Redlands Bowl, the Bicycle Classic, and the Redlands Christmas Parade, just to name a few.

The new State Street Village project began with the acquisition of the mall by the private real estate investment firm, Brixton Capital Limited Partnership in July of 2014. They worked with the land developing company, Village Partners Inc., to transform the Redlands Mall into a more modern and lively space. A sample of their previous projects include the Village at Montclair and Tierra del Rey. In 2018, early designs were conceived to reconnect both sides of State Street with commercial and residential buildings on either side.

Another visual rendering of how people may spend their time around the stores and residential units. (Credit / Zimmerman Visual)

People in Redlands have been divided on whether they want new developments and high buildings or not. Mr. Macomber, an English teacher at Redlands East Valley felt, “It’s time for it to move on, it’s been abandoned for far too long.” 

This future for the new look of Redlands will transform downtown for a new generation of Redlanders to experience by 2025. The reconstruction of the mall area will bring newer, modern spaces and commercial business to the community, just as the Redlands Mall did in the 80s.

The Climate Clock says less than six years


The Climate Clock website shows the exact Climate Clock timer and the number of temperatures people are adding to the global surface. (KENDRA BURDICK/ Ethic News photo)

Since the beginning of time, people have questioned if there will be an end. According to the ‘Climate Clock,’ people have less than seven years to fix the damages they’ve made or they will start seeing the Earth’s end.

“The Clock’s Deadline tells us that, at current rates of greenhouse gas emissions, we have less than seven years left in our global ‘carbon budget’” the Climate Clock scientists Gan Golan and Andrew Boyd explain to the people, “which gives us a two-thirds chance of staying under the critical threshold of 1.5°C of global warming”.

Most people know of the trash in the oceans, the smog in the air, and the human-made fires that are destroying the land. Up until this point, a majority of people from all over the world have been thinking that they will not have to deal with these problems. With help from the Climate Clock, humans now have a timer that lets them know they will have to work on these problems or see an end to life itself.

The Climate Clock site also shows the humans’ effect on the global temperature and the results caused by the changes. The site explains, “the model suggests that average global surface temperature would likely reach 3-4°C by 2100 with catastrophic (and permanent) impacts on humanity and the biosphere, including floods, droughts, mass extinctions, permanently uninhabitable regions, billions of climate refugees, and 100s of millions dead”. (KENDRA BURDICK/ Ethic News photo)

Now, of course, there are ways to help these problems such as using renewable energy. Golan and Boyd warns people that “around three-quarters of global greenhouse gas emissions come from the burning of fossil fuels for energy.” This means that humans need to be using as much solar energy as possible rather than burning fossil fuels, which are causing the most damage according to a study done by Harvard.

This study from Harvard University, in collaboration with the University of Birmingham, Leicester and College London, found that the death rate in 2018 due to fossil fuel pollution is more than eight million people. 

This is conspicuously higher than previous research suggested, meaning that all the air pollution created by burning fossil fuels is responsible for about one in five deaths worldwide.

Kayden Patel, junior at Redlands East Valley High School shares his thoughts on the matter, “Global warming is just one of the serious problems that the Earth is facing because of humans and we are only just starting to do something about it.” (GEFFREY ACOSTA/ETHIC PHOTO)

Another way to help is by donating to the Green Climate Fund. The Green Climate Fund, created in 2010, is a finance mechanism which was set up by the UNFCCC to support critical climate mitigation and work on adaptation projects in developing countries.

“GCF (Green Climate Fund) was established by 194 governments to limit or reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries, and to help vulnerable societies adapt to the unavoidable impacts of climate change” the website behind the fund explains why it’s so important to reducing humans’ changes to the climate.

Indigenous land sovereignty is another way to help. The indigenous communities are critical stewards of the planet’s natural carbon sequestration capacity. This means they must be protected to prevent the abysmal impacts of climate change.

Humans are being told to get their act together to save lives. How many humans are going to ignore what most humans have been doing and help save the Earth? The people standing behind the Green Climate Fund say “We mustn’t pretend we have more time than we do.”

Link to Climate Clock

Link to Green Climate Fund

News brief: Citrus Valley High School hosts Club Rush


Citrus Valley’s annual club rush took place on Aug. 26, 2022. Club rush is when most of the CV clubs gather together in CV’s quad to give out information about their club. This is especially helpful for incoming freshmen who want to join a club but don’t exactly know what their new school has to offer.

Club Rush was held in the quad during lunch. Some of the popular clubs at club rush included Blackhawks for Change, Asian student union, Cars and Coffee, Auto Shop, Black Student Union, Multicultural Dance, Possibilities, Hispanic Heritage, and Interact club.

In total, thirty-four Citrus Valley Clubs attended club rush. Club rush gives many students the opportunity to join a club, socialize, and to develop many skills that the clubs at Citrus Valley offer to students.

The multitude of clubs gave many options to this year’s arriving freshman.

Freshman Karla Ziga Ortega said, “I’m looking to join the Hispanic Heritage club because I love my Mexican pride and supporting people, and I’m already in Yearbook, but it would be nice to see everyone coming together and to unite.”

Freshman Ellie Caliva said, “I want to join the Asian Student Union.” The Asian Student Union is a very popular club at CV that celebrates many aspects of Asian culture.

Club Rush was considered a success by many freshmen, including Caliva, who said that “It was good, I had fun,” and Ortega, who said that she “[liked] all the free stuff, [everything] looked good. I don’t know if I can commit to everything but I’ll try to join at least one club.”

Photo 1: Students gather around the Black Student Union tent to learn more about the club. (ELIZABETH MOLLOY/ Ethic News Photo)

Photo 2: Students flood the quad during lunch time, walking around with friends and peers as they learn about the clubs at Citrus Valley. (ELIZABETH MOLLOY/ Ethic News Photo)

Photo 3: Students stop by the Environmental Club table to learn about the club. (ELIZABETH MOLLOY/ Ethic News Photo)

Photo 4: Amber Sibbett, a sophomore at CV, passes out flyers to by passers reeling people in to join the Improv club on campus. (ELIZABETH MOLLOY/ Ethic News Photo)

Photo 5: Trevor Lam, a junior at CV poses for a picture holding up a sign advertising for the Asian Student Union (ASU) at club rush (ELIZABETH MOLLOY/ Ethic News Photo)

Opinion: Say no to Tate; Former kickboxer is rightfully kicked off social media


Content warning: This article contains references to sexual harassment, abuse and assault.

Former kickboxer Andrew Tate has been rightfully removed from many social media platforms due to his harmful content.

Tate is known for his large platform where he shares misogynistic statements along with inappropriate and disrespectful remarks towards sensitive topics such as sexual harrassment and assault.

Tate likes knowing that he has power and being in control. Removing his platform removes some of that.

In an interview he stated, “I like Eastern Europe as a whole because corruption is far more accessible,” followed by the statement he said he enjoyed being able to buy off cops and other law officials so they wouldn’t infringe on his business operations and personal habits.  

Andrew Tate has had many many controversies surrounding him because of how he talks about mistreating women. Tate started gaining backlash for most of his statements, domestic abuse organizations calling them “extreme misogyny.” 

So how long has this been going on? 

Andrew Tate first rose to fame after appearing on the TV Show “Big Brother” in 2016, but was removed after a video of him resurfaced hitting a woman, which he called a “consensual act.”  Shortly after, another disturbing video also resurfaced dealing with abuse towards women.

More controversy later followed because there were some posts containing homophobic and racial slurs that were found on his twitter page in 2016. He was also criticized by mental health organizations for saying that depression “isn’t real.”

Tate has been under investigation for abuse allegations and trafficking allegations. Because of these allegations spreading all over social media, he took to instagram posting a picture of him in a fake investigation room with the caption mocking women.

Tate describes himself using this misogynistic quote: “I’m a realist, and when you’re a realist, you’re sexist. There’s no way you can be rooted in reality and not be sexist.” 

While everyone has and is entitled to their own opinions it should be known on what is appropriate to say on social media. 

Tate has since gained a huge following of men, his main target audience being younger men due to his advice that he gives. 

Tate uses his platform to target the younger generation and convince them that it is okay to mentally and physically abuse women. What he says affects how this generation is growing up and today’s youth is so easy to influence. 

Women have always feared men but with Andrew Tate spreading his toxic, hateful, misogynistic and revolting comments, abuse is only going to get worse and women will feel less safe.

Not to mention how younger women are getting mixed messages as to what love is and what it should look like. Most of his audience defends him claiming women are mad because he’s bringing back “the strong masculinity.” 

Ever since he got banned, his fans defend him saying he’s also a good person because he wanted to donate a lot of money to charities. This still doesn’t change the fact that he is a very dangerous person with a very dangerous mentality. 

Please hold these types of people accountable and be careful with what other people see and support on social media. If you have social media,use it wisely and help teach the younger audience towards what they see online. 

News brief: Redlands East Valley kicks off the year


The Associative Student Body, opened up the new school year for students at Redlands East Valley High School with a rally in the Wildcat Gym on August 19. Senior Pep Commissioners Emma Guerrero, Seth Bruer and Ruben Villanueva introduced Fall sports captains and the new sports student section, the Redzone.

Jahir Garcia, a senior at REV, said, “the best one yet to start off senior year.”

Throughout the rally, various REV student groups performed, such as the Colorguard, Junior Varsity, Varsity, and Songie Cheerleaders.

Three total games were played, the first two by the students and the third by the teachers. The first was a game called “Disney Musical Chairs” where students wore distortion goggles and had to find a chair when the music was over, but the third was a tug-o-war between teachers from various departments and the loser would be “slimed” as the famous Nickelodeon game show works.

Finally, the Pep Commissioners introduced the freshman class of 2026 to “class calls” where students attempt to be the loudest to yell their graduation year.

Carey Rowan, a sophomore, said “ I liked the enthusiasm and class calls, I wish they had more seating.”

Senior Brooke Rowan said, “It was fun and went well, minimal mistakes and really hot. More seating would be nice.”

From left to right: Redlands East Valley Fall sports captains, Brooklynn Rios (12), Aliyah Maciel (12), Aubrey Rivas (12), Celine Hill (12), Analicia Swanson (12), Charlize Munar (12), Maryn Strong (12), Abigail Washburn (12), Vivian Bosch (11) and Ainsley Zercher (11). Team captains introduce themselves to the crowds of students and the sport they represent and lead. (GEFFREY ACOSTA/ Ethic News).

Senior Pep Commissioner Seth Bruer encourages the last remaining players as they wait for the music to end and run for the remaining chair in the game at rally in the Redlands East Valley High School gym. (GEFFREY ACOSTA / Ethic News)

Players from each grade are waiting for the music to end to run and find a chair to stay in the game and continue to the next round. The rally includes a variety of games, performances, and introductions by various students and organizations at Redlands East Valley High School. (GEFFREY ACOSTA / Ethic News)

REV STEM Editor: Craig Morrison (he/him)

Craig Morrison is a 17-year-old senior at Redlands East Valley High School and a second year staff member for Ethic News. Morrison considers his favorite classes are physics and engineering as to him they are different from any other class before since they are a perfect balance of challenge and interest for him. He is passionate about space and would love to be an astrophysicist and one make discoveries and advance our knowledge. Morrison appreciates the kindness people have and looks up to his father as he feels that he has taught him the most in his life. In the next 10 years he hopes to get out and experience the world, which includes living on his own and starting his dream job. To Morrison, family gives him meaning as he can still have happiness even in the worst of times.

REV Chief Executive Officer: Mauricio Pliego (he/him)

Mauricio Pliego is an 18-year-old senior attending Redlands East Valley High School. He joined journalism because of his interests in writing and photography with hopes of one day becoming  an immigration lawyer or joining the political world for the state. This past summer, he attended Boys State where he competed against boys across the state of California and enjoyed the time he spent with them. Pliego plans to attend the University of California, Los Angeles, or the University of California, Berkeley. His childhood superhero is Spider-Man and enjoys movies related to the Sci-fi genre.

REV Executive Officer: Aileen Janee Corpus (they/them) (she/her)

Aileen is a 17-year-old senior attending Redlands East Valley High School. She has two siblings, an older brother and a younger sister making her the middle child. Aileen is very creative: she loves playing their instruments and basketball, crocheting, and expressing herself by art during her free time. She has always loved to write and found herself in ETHIC News. She is passionate about everything she does. 

News brief : California gas prices are falling, demand is one reason


California’s gas prices are going down everyday and it seems like it’s going to keep lowering.

California’s gas prices have been one of the highest in the nation, but it seems like car owners are finally getting a sense of relief.

According to the Automobile Association of America, the overall national average gas price per gallon has dropped to $4, which means it has been the lowest since March of this year. On August 12 the average U.S. price for a gallon of gas was $3.98.

Other than the national average price for gasoline, California’s average regular gas price has gone down by 11.5% compared to last month’s average.

There are a couple of reasons why gas prices are falling. 

AAA spokesperson John Treanor has said “Prices in California, Like the rest of the country, are dropping due to decrease of demand.”

According to Treanor, AAA has done a survey on drivers and learned that 67% of drivers have changed how much they drive due to gas prices being on the rise. 

“The demand for gas goes down as people drive less, thereby lowering the overall cost of gas,” said Treanor.

The decrease in gas prices are not officially set since the demand for gas can go high at any moment which means gas prices can go up again. 

Gas prices can be very flexible and can change fast depending on the demand.

CV Staff Writer: Noryah Copas

Noryah Copas is a 14-year-old freshman who is excited to start their first year of high school with Ethic News. She is beginning her journalism career in Ethic as a staff writer. Her goals for high school are to maintain a good GPA throughout the year as well as having a good attendance record. Copas is also planning on joining the freshman basketball team here at CV to get a start on athletics at school. Her plans after high school are to go to a to-be-determined college and become a nurse to help others.

REV Chief of La Plaza and Spanish Translating: Daniela Mora (she/her)

Daniela Mora is a returning REV student as a sixteen year old junior this year as well as in her position of Chief Editor of La Plaza. Her main motivation is making herself proud in life and through the pieces she writes. Mora’s favorite thing about Ethic is having the privilege of sharing her voice and being able to control her narrative. In teaching Catechism classes to youth she realized her calling to become an elementary school teacher in order to inspire and educate the younger generations. She hopes to graduate high school and attend a four year university to further her education. Daniela’s proudest accomplishment is allowing herself to take a leadership position despite her fears of failure and imperfection. During her time here she has taken on responsibilities as being a part of the Ethic News family and continues to grow as a person as well as writer and active member of the community.

REV Podcast Editor: Alex Verduzco (she/her)

Alex Verduzco is a 16-year-old junior at Redlands East Valley High school. Alex takes much pride in her academics. This year she is taking three Advanced Placement classes including AP English Language, AP Spanish Language, and AP US History. With this schooling, she hopes to go to UC Irvine and Johns Hopkins University to study medicine and become a maternal fetal surgeon. With her free time, Alex is part of the Wildcats tennis team and also enjoys reading and baking. In the community, Alex enjoys educating herself and being an activist fighting for lgbtq+ rights and more gun safety. She loves how outspoken and vocal she is and hopes his will help her in her journey with Ethic News.

REV Staff Writer: Alexander Marquis (he/him)

Alexander Marquis is a senior and big brother to his little sister, Marcy who also attends Redlands East Valley High School as a sophomore. He plans to go to college after this school year and attend Colonial Island University to pursue his interest in game design and his interest in history because one can see history from many different perspectives. As for food, he’s very set on his specified food but likes them all equally.

REV Features Editor: Kendra Burdick (she/her)

Kendra Burdick is an editor for the newspaper. She has been in the newspaper for three years and plans to continue through senior year. She sees herself as a very creative person and is owner to one dog and two cats and associates herself with being a dog person. She is a Libra and wants to pursue her love of traveling, writing and helping people in the future. Burdick sees herself going to school and becoming a radiologist and a part-time writer.

REV Staff Writer: Geffery Acosta (he/him)

Geffery Acosta is a 16-year-old junior attending Redlands East Valley High School. He enjoys his English classes, Athletic Training, and Journalism where one of his passions is photography, especially when it comes to nature. Acosta hopes to continue a career in photography where he can open his own business. Outside of school, he regularly goes to the gym where he tends to look more at his own improvement. He enjoys all kinds of music but in particular likes the band Airlifts and believes that everyone has a reason as to why they were created.

REV Staff Writer: Naleiah Miller (she/her)

Naleiah Miller is a 13-year-old freshman who is in her first year of ETHIC News and is a staff writer. She plans to write about topics that she is passionate about and to record a podcast. During her free time, Miller likes to read, play sudoku, and knit while listening to music. Outside of school, Miller is a part of the Redlands East Valley Wildcats’ marching band and has been playing clarinet for 6 years.

REV Staff Writer (she/her): Serenity Palmerin

Serenity Palmerin is a 16 year old Junior at Redlands East Valley High School. Serenity joined journalism because of her love of writing, prowess at networking, and her passion for important social issues. Serenity wants to pursue a career in the field of psychiatry, as she wants to help those who are afflicted with mental illnesses. In her free time, Serenity writes poetry, draws, and plays games. After high school, Serenity hopes to eventually attend the University of Redlands, and plans to also attend a medical school for her certification in the field of psychiatry.

REV Opinion Editor: Spencer Moore (he/him)

Spencer Moore is a 16-year-old Junior at Redlands East Valley High School. He is also the opinion editor of ETHIC News. The reason he joined the publication is because he loves writing, and he became the opinion editor because he believes that “all voices should be heard in the most powerful and clear way possible.” This passion for writing appeared in Moore’s life around the time he discovered his mutual love for debate. He aspires to go into education law and business litigation. In his spare time he watches movies, plays video games, and researches contemporary worldwide issues. He isn’t necessarily focused on trying to leave a large mark on society, however he wants to carry himself in a way that he will be remembered as someone who was kind. 

CV Staff Writer: Monique Varela (She/Her)

Monique Varela is a 14-year-old Freshman attending Citrus Valley High School and is a staff writer for Ethic. Varela joined journalism to heighten her writing skills and because she already enjoyed writing. Varela plans to go to the University of California Berkeley and major in Psychology. Varela plans on writing about politics as well as mental health for the publication. Varela strives to get straight A’s, stay on top of classes, and join extracurriculars.

CV Staff Writer: Pennie Coffman (She/Her)

Pennie Coffman is a 17-year-old Senior attending Citrus Valley High School and is a staff writer for Ethic. She plans on attending California Baptist University, majoring in finance, and eventually working for Monster Energy. In her free time, she enjoys reading, painting, and drawing. Coffman joined journalism to write on pressing matters in the community and have student voices heard. Coffman strives to succeed in all classes and enjoy senior year.

CV Staff Writer: Larissa McCormick (They/Them)

Larissa Mccormick is a 17-year-old senior at Citrus Valley High School who is ready to start as an Ethic News Staff member. They joined Ethic to expand their photography skills further than where they are at now. Outside of Ethic, Mccormick has one and only goal for high school which is simply to graduate. Along with schooling, Mccormick is a very outdoors person, with their free time activities include skateboarding, which they have been doing for just over a year, and their duties as a member of the Boy Scouts of America. Their plans after high school include attending Utah State University to major in forestry and hopefully become a licensed park ranger.

CV Staff Writer: Marshall Scott (They/Them)

Marshall Scott is a 15 year old sophomore at Citrus Valley High School. This is their second year as a staff member for Ethic. In their free time, they like to bake, read, and play with their three cats. After high school, Marshall would like to go to a university to become a nurse or something within the medical field. They joined journalism as an accident, but grew a love for journalism and the people in it.

CV Staff Writer: Meanna Smith (She/Her)

MeAnna Smith is a 16 year old junior at Citrus Valley High School. Smith is in AP Lang and her favorite subject is English. Some of her hobbies include reading, writing and painting. After high school, Smith plans to attend Howard University, a HBCU college and major in either journalism or communications. Her academic goals are to excel in her classes and get good grades to get into a good college. Someone who inspires Smith is her mother because she inspires her to do her best and knows her best is enough. Smith joined journalism because she loves to write about topics that are important to her.

CV Self & Style Editor: Elizabeth Molloy (She/Her)

Elizabeth Molloy is currently a 14-year- old sophomore at Citrus Valley High School and is the Self & Style editor for Ethic. Molloy’s most essential goals include staying on top of classes and high grades. Once she graduates high school, she plans to study abroad and eventually work in forensics. Molloy enjoys painting, reading, and writing. She joined journalism because of an interest in photography and writing. Her motivation to write comes from wanting student voices to be heard. Molloy’s favorite topics to write about include historical places and popular singer, Harry Styles.

CV Staff Writer: Annette Alfaro (She/Her)

Annette Alfaro, a 17-year-old senior at Citrus Valley High School and a staff member in Ethic News. She likes to read and play instruments. She plays the piccolo, piano and clarinet. At Citrus she participates in cross country, soccer and track. She joined journalism because she wanted to try something new and improve her writing skills.  In journalism, she hopes to write in arts and entertainment and sports. Her plans after attending Citrus is to take a year off schooling to travel abroad, then attend college. During her college years, she wants to major in Criminology. When she finishes college, her dream job is to become an FBI agent. What motives Alfaro to continue on are her parents. Alfaros favorite holiday is Christmas. Alfaro is bilingual, as she can speak spanish and english. At home, Alfaro has four dogs, two turtles and two pigs.

CV Stem Editor: Emmitt Murphy (He/Him)

Emmitt Murphy is a 15-year-old Sophomore attending Citrus Valley High School and serves as the Arts and Entertainment editor for Ethic. Murphy joined journalism because he likes writing about anything related to pop culture and Marvel. Murphy is in AP Euro and honors English. His goals for high school are to graduate and attend NYU to major in film and become a director or writer. He is motivated by his goals and his desire for a good future.  He enjoys taking part in cross country and video games with his favorite game being Destiny 2.

CV Chief Executive Officer: Destiny Ramos (She/Her)

Destiny Ramos, a 16 year old junior at Citrus Valley High School, is in her third year of digital journalism serving as a chief executive of Ethic. After high school, she wants to attend Crafton Hills College to become a paramedic. She participates in color guard for marching band and takes four electives during the school day. This year she hopes to focus more on school and grades rather than her extracurricular activities. In addition, she likes to write, bake and crochet. She initially joined digital journalism because she was encouraged by a middle school teacher and now enjoys being the CV Editor-In-Chief.

CV Staff Writer: Mia Caliva (She/Her)

Mia Caliva is a 15 year old Junior at Citrus Valley High School. She is part of CV’s water polo team, plays club soccer outside of school and is a staff writer for Ethic News. After her high school career, Caliva dreams of attending UC Irvine and majoring in pre-med. In her free time, Caliva likes to draw and read. Her favorite genres of books are typically fiction, fantasy or romance. This year she is taking Math III H, AP U.S History, AP Lang and AP Chem. In Caliva’s journalism career she really enjoys writing in STEM and A&E. Caliva joined journalism because she likes reading, writing and storytelling. Throughout the 2022-23 school year, she plans on improving study habits, improving her time management skills and to get good grades.

CV Chief Executive Officer: Jasmine Rosales (she/her)

Jasmine Rosales is a 16 year-old junior at Citrus Valley High School and the CV Chief Executive Officer of Ethic. During her free time Rosales participates in several sports including club soccer, high school soccer, and volleyball. Rosales also enjoys baking seasonal goods such as gingerbread cookies and pumpkin pies. As a student, Rosales is taking AP Spanish and AP US history her junior year. Rosales joined journalism because of her love for writing, and because Ethic gives her a platform to share her voice and be heard. Her goals for the school year are to maintain good grades and find a balance between sports and academics, but overall to enjoy her school year. After high school, Rosales hopes to attend the University of Hawaii to study Kinesiology to pursue a career in physical therapy.

CV Staff Writer: Nadia Ceniceros (she/her)

Nadia Ceniceros is a second year staff writer for ethic news. Ceniceros is 15-years-old and is in her sophomore year at Citrus Valley High School where she enjoys English and History classes. Some of Ceniceros’s hobbies include reading, listening to music, and collecting vinyls. On ethic news, Ceniceros plans to write about arts and entertainment while also taking photos for ethic news. Ceniceros strives to attend Columbia University where she plans to major in business or journalism. Ceniceros uses her goal of moving to New York and attending Columbia University as motivation in her everyday life. Ceniceros currently has a babysitting job which she thoroughly enjoys.

Five years later, lack of health class requirement is still a touchy subject


Throughout the Redlands Unified School District, there has been the mystery of why the health class was taken out of the curriculum. The class was removed as a requirement five years ago.

Many students still do not know the reason behind the removal of this class.

In a written statement, Redlands School Board President Jim O’Neill explained that one reason was “the number of students who were using pay-for-summer school to get ahead and how this created an inequity for access to coursework in high school. More than 250+ incoming ninth-graders each year would pay $250 to take Health during the summer through the REP [Redlands Educational Partnership] foundation.”

Some students want the class back, thinking that it’s important to learn about what the health class teaches, while others think the health class made students uncomfortable or that having the class didn’t change anything.  

The following conversation took place between Redlands East Valley High School seniors Anthony Salzar and Jordan Hattar on April 27 regarding the value of health class in high school.

Anthony Salzar:  I believe that health class is valuable. I think that because most teachers don’t teach that. The internet is wrong and can lead people astray.

Jordan Hattar: No, I don’t think that parts of health class are necessary to be taught in a school. Well, back then, of course, they needed it cause there was no internet to know anything about it, but now, I knew all about it since fifth grade. If people don’t have access to the internet then it’s an adventure. At least with the internet, you don’t need to pay for a class or teachers.

Salzar: It’s a free class and this is a public school.

Hattar: Oh really? Well, I just don’t think sex ed is needed.

Salzar: It’s not just sex ed though. You’re also being taught diseases and other stuff.

Hattar: Yeah, diseases but about the other stuff, no, there’s no point. You can learn about protection on the internet and other things like that.

Salzar: If not school, people can learn this stuff from parents, siblings, and family members.

Hattar: What? But for the parents or kids that are too uncomfortable to have that talk, where else where they learn it but the internet?

Salzar: I think the class got taken away from people being uncomfortable.

Hattar: I think that not many people attended the class and they just filled it with other important classes. And I think that if the class were to be brought back, I think it wouldn’t make much of a difference.

Salzar: I think it would because it would stop a lot of teen pregnancy and help people that do know what to do are want to know more about health or sex ed.

“I think that health class is important because someone might have a disease and it’s smart to be educated about that,” says REV sophomore Max Flores, “I believe that it’s a class that should be brought back because some people don’t know how to take care of themselves and how to do it properly.”

“It can stop teen pregnancies and diseases. You also learn about your body, how to keep yourself clean and how to take care of yourself before you involve yourself with someone else,” says REV sophomore Haylee Lyon. “Especially now with the internet, everything is mainstream. I mean it’s everywhere, on TikTok, Instagram. There’s stuff going around anywhere, so I guess sheltering our kids – there’s no point in it anymore.”

While some students are unsure of why this course was removed, REV Assistant Principal Ron Kroetz addresses some of the confusion and says that the class has value.  

“The health class is important. I think that it is important for our kids to know these things and to learn,” says Kroetz. “It can be a touchy subject for some parents and how they see the content, the lessons, and whether they feel it’s appropriate for their children. It’s tough cause every kid is different and everyone has a different upbringing, a different family unit and there are different standards and different families so it’s tough for a school district to say ‘this is the only way we’re going to do it.”  

O’Neill explains the transition of the health curriculum into another class.

“We presented a couple of opportunities,” says O’Neill. “The first was to remove Health as a course for the sake of the graduation requirement and move the health units into another course; at the time it was discussed as either Biology or 9th grade PE.”

IN a related decision, sports were allowed to count for the second year of a physical education course for students.

“These two changes to policy and graduation requirements allowed students to have two more opportunities to take coursework that they were interested in rather than being required to take as a function of graduation requirements,” says O’Neill.

But there have been some challenges.

“For the PE teachers to teach the units, they must attend training and teach the most current version of health education,” says O’Neill. “The updated version includes updates to the laws on health and the new health framework. The Board has not adopted the new version and therefore the teachers have not been trained to teach the updated curriculum.”

Some students are still left with questions.

“How will the people that skipped the class [be affected] because when they were meant to have the class, the transition didn’t take place, get the education of the health class?” Joyce Harris, a freshman at REV, asks.

20 Questions with Orangewood High School’s English teacher Mrs. Lott


Kimberly Lott is an English teacher at Orangewood High School who is always welcoming to her students. She is known as someone who is real and honest with her students, in a way that is inspiring because she always stands in what she believes. She is unapologetically herself in the best way. Her efforts for students that are struggling don’t go unnoticed.

Q: What is your position or title? Pronouns? 

Kimberly Lott: English Teacher; she/her

Q: What are some of the classes you teach or main responsibilities with this position? 

Lott: I teach English 11 and English 12 as well as Advisory this year.  I have taught all four grades of English since I have been at OHS.  I have also taught English at the three middle school levels.  My favorite is English 12.How long have you worked in education? 24 yearsHave you held any jobs outside of education? Before I started teaching,  I worked as a teller at Bank of America; I also worked at Little Red School House which used to sell teacher supplies and a daycare with infants. I started teaching in 1998 at 23 years old.

Q: What led you to the position you are in today?  

Lott: A good friend taught at OHS and she convinced me to transfer over here.  She has since retired.

Q: What is one of your favorite parts of your job? 

Lott: My students.

Q: What is a challenging part of your job? 

Lott: My students. 🙂

Q: What is something others may not understand or know about who you are or what you do?

Lott: Students say I always look depressed, but I’m not.  That was the one good thing about masks; no one could tell if I was or wasn’t smiling under it.

Q: Who were early influences for you?

Lott: In high school, I was a TA in the library.  I got put in there because I was having a conflict with one of my teachers and that was the only place the counselor would move me.  I was so upset that I begged my parents to tell the counselor no and make her put me in another class because the librarian was so mean, but my parents said no.  It turned out to be the best part of high school.  I clicked with the librarian and we stayed in contact until she passed away.  She came to my graduation party and wedding.  Mrs. Carver taught me a lot and she had my back when I had another conflict in my senior year.  She is the reason I would love to be a high school librarian.

Q: Where did you grow up? What was life like then and there?

Lott: I grew up in San Bernardino.  My dad was raised there.  It used to be such a nice city, but that is no longer the case.

Q: What were you like as a teenager? 

Lott: A pain.  My parents would definitely agree with that.

Q: Did you have any mentors or role models growing up? How did they influence you?  

Lott: Mrs. Carver-the librarian at San Bernardino High School and Mr. Tetlock at Golden Valley Middle School.  Mr. Tetlock introduced me to the game of basketball.

Q: Is there an experience or event that had a major influence on who or where you are today? 

Lott: I look back over my teaching career and I think how strict I was when I first started because I thought that was how I was supposed to teach.  I wasn’t flexible at all.  I have learned so much since coming to OHS that has impacted my teaching style.  I have learned respect goes both way. Sometimes the lesson just isn’t working and that is ok. You’re only as good as your word. The connection you make with your students is worth so much more than a grade. My students are worth fighting for.

Q: What advice would you give your teenage-self? 

Keep your mouth shut.  Once you say something, you can’t get it back.  And thank goodness there was no social media back then.

Q: Do you like to travel and What notable places have you visited? 

Lott: I have been to Mexico and Canada.  I have been to multiple states during my life.

Q: What music do you like?  

Lott: Country and early rap

Q: Would you be willing to share a little about your family and/or pets? 

Lott: I have two kids.  Emily is 21 and Justin is 18.  Both are currently in college.  My husband and I have been married for 24 years, but I have known him since I was a teenager.  He used to ride his bike down my street to visit his girlfriend and we became friends.  I have two dogs I adore–Rufus and Avery and a cat, Shadow, who doesn’t like me and that is just fine with me.

Q: Do you have skills, interests or hobbies that you would like to share? What do you enjoy doing most with family and friends?

Lott: I enjoy camping, but haven’t done it in a long time.  I won’t camp in a tent and I don’t have an RV so that rarely happens.

Lott: What is a goal you have? 

Lott: I would really like to be a librarian at a high school or middle school.  It is scary to me because I have never tried that and, in the back of my head, I wonder what would I do if I did not like it and I couldn’t come back to OHS.

Las Vegas Raiders host 2022 NFL Draft


During the last weekend of April, the Las Vegas Raiders hosted the 2022 NFL draft; however, the city offered much more than just the draft. The three-day weekend included games, meet and greets, obstacle courses, viewings of Super Bowl trophies and rings and much more, all free of cost. The NFL promises “to go all out to make this event the biggest and best” of them all for the very first “Vegas-style Draft.” News officials described the experience as “promising” and as a weekend “that everyone will remember.”

Right next to the draft experience was the main stage of the event where the draft picks were first announced to the public and live TV that was “105 feet wide and 280 feet long” according to NFL officials. Celebrities such as Donny Osmund, Ed Marinaro, Emmit Smith, Marcus Allen, Wayne Newton and many more made special appearances to announce their favorite teams’ new additions. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic News Photo)

The main events were held behind the Las Vegas strip, notably behind the Flamingo, Harrah’s, Linq, and Cromwell hotels, where there are usually empty parking lots. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic News photo)

The Vince Lombardi Trophy for Super Bowl XI, usually held for display at Allegiant Stadium, that the Raiders won against the Vikings on Jan. 9 of 1977. The trophies from Super Bowls XI, XV and XVIII that the Raiders have won over the years were displayed for all to view and take pictures with. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic News Photo)

In front of the main stage, the NFL hosted their usual talk show that was broadcasted on live television. This was not the only set up throughout the experience, as two more stages were set up throughout the experience filled with many different NFL TV personalities. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic News photo)

The Hall of Fame was home to many interesting finds, including the display of football players’ lockers and their personal items. Derek Carr, Raiders’ quarterback of 5 years, had his personal jerseys, helmet, cleats, sneakers, and clothing on display. He was not the only one, as all other football quarterbacks’ belongings were displayed as well along with other NFL legends. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic News photo)

In that same Hall of Fame, crystal-studded helmets of every NFL team were displayed along with the locker view of different teams’ players. The helmets were designed by Quinn Gregory with the jewelry company, Swarovski, with all 12,500 crystals being hand-applied and costing just over $1800 each. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic News Photo)

In the Hall of Fame, seven of the most well-known NFL players and coaches are on display from the Pro Football Hall of Fame location in Canton, Ohio. The wall above displays John Madden on the middle top, Tom Flores on the top left, Peyton Manning on the bottom left, Charles Woodson on the top right, Howie Long on the bottom right, Tim Brown on the bottom, and Marcus Allen in the center. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic News Photo)

This Lamar Hunt Trophy was first awarded to the Miami Dolphins as the winner of the AFC championship game in the 1984-85 NFL playoffs and has since been awarded to the winners year after year. As of Jan. 30, 2022, the Cincinnati Bengals are the proud holders of the trophy after winning the AFC championship game against the Chiefs and advancing to Super Bowl LVI. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic News photo)

Designed by Riddell, these are roughly 72 Metallic Chrome helmets on display from the Chrome Alternate Collection. These are collectable helmets and can be found in NFL shops around the country. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic News photo)

The 40-Yard Dash was where up to three people can test how fast they run compared to an NFL player. The player would run alongside the runner through the screen which would describe how fast the runner and player ran. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic News photo)

In this field, parents could sign their kids up for a thirty minute training session with volunteer coaches and play a few rounds of flag football afterwards. During the training session, kids of all ages would learn to tackle, throw and catch footballs and how to play flag football. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic News photo)

The streamers lounge gave video gamers and football fans alike a chance to play the game Madden 2022 on the Xboxes offered. This lounge was also used as an area for attendees and volunteers to cool off from the Nevada heat. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic News Photo)

The Draft Set was a photo opportunity with their teams in the background and the ability to hold a number one jersey of the team of their choice. There were two jerseys of all 32 NFL teams. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic News photo)

Meet and greets with many NFL players and coaches were offered, free of cost. Maxx Crosby, Raiders defensive end, made an appearance for a Q&A and a meet and greet with his fans on Saturday, Apr. 29. (DESTINY RAMOS/ Ethic New photo)

After the draft concluded for the day, Ice Cube held a post-draft concert for attendees. He was one of the three artists, Weezer and Marshmello being the other two, who held post-draft concerts. (DESTINY RAMOS/Ethic News photo)

Social media impacts students’ daily lives

“We don’t have a choice on whether we DO social media, the question is how well we DO it.” 

– Erik Qualman, motivational speaker 


How is social media affecting your life? 

The average teenager spends nine hours a day on their phone, with about 79% of that time being spent on social media apps, according to West Virginia Education Association. 97% of teenagers have social media accounts that they have access to on a daily basis, no matter where they are. 

“It’s the cause of 90% of people’s insecurities nowadays,” says Orangewood High School junior Mya Trujillo Brand.

A new report by the Dove Self-Esteem Project surveying more than 1,000 girls ages 10 to17 revealed that one in two girls say toxic beauty advice on social media causes low self-esteem. 

“It sets unrealistic beauty standards for kids our age, because they are expected to be so photo-produced,” says Trujillo Brand.

And 90% of girls say they follow at least one social media account that makes them feel less beautiful, according to “Social media and body image: The stats.”  

“Social media had the effect of causing younger children and older people, mainly women and girls, to think they’re on a beauty competition, mostly due to men comparing young girls to adult women in a predatory way,” says OHS junior Andrew Simmons. 

Being on these apps for that amount of time can also affect other aspects of a person’s social life and mental state. With the pandemic, students have been trying to distract themselves with phones from boredom and socially distancing, but this can also have negative effects.

“A lot of social media [apps] are giant time wasters to waste hours,” says OHS junior Kevin Kambey. 

Games can become addicting and just being on a cell phone in general can isolate one from others because people have their phone and feel it is all they need.

“For our generation, most are addicted to the point where it impacts them where they throw fits if they don’t have social media,” says OHS sophomore Tracy Pineda Martinez. 

“Conversating with another being ignored by the other person on their phone” says OHS junior Brandon Uribe, which is another example that people are addicted to their phones with social media. 

Social media has affected many daily lives with bullying.  People will use their accounts to bully others and make fun of their insecurities. 

“It’s a way to make others seem tough behind the screen knowing that it’s not then,” says Pineda Martinez. 

Social media can always be used for good with spreading news and information, but most teens use it as their escape from reality. 

Most of the time students are busy playing games, like the infamous Subway Surfers, or listening to music, but for about 67% of the time they are scrolling through Tik Tok, Instagram and/or SnapChat.  

Being on these apps for that amount of time can also affect a person’s social life and mental state positively. If a person is going through a rough time at home, it can keep their minds busy. They can also meet new friends that they never thought they would meet. It can help stay in contact with friends and family that are out of country. 

Social media is taking over students life’s one day at a time. There needs to be a limit and some self discipline within students and their media, because as Erik Qualman, motivational speaker, says, “We don’t have a choice on whether we do social media, the question is how well we do it.”

Wordle captivates all ages; ‘I tried it one time and I loved it’


Acquiring all green boxes in a row represents successfully solving the Wordle for the day. (ISAAC MEJIA/ Ethic News visual)

The web-based word game, Wordle, has captivated both teenagers and adults to challenge themselves with their daily word game. 

The basics

The object of the game is to figure out the five-letter word within six tries in a grid. Upon attempting a word, colored boxes will surround each letter indicating the status of that letter. 

If the box is gray, it means that letter is not used in the word. If the box is yellow, that letter is in the word, but not in the spot where it was placed. If the box is green, that letter was correctly placed. Five green boxes are needed to successfully complete the challenge. 

The New York Times bought the game from creator Josh Wardle on Jan. 31. 

Its popularity 

Despite Wordle seeming to have a fairly basic concept, its accessibility, stimulation, competition and simplicity have allowed the game to garner much popularity. 

Citrus Valley High School sophomore Makenna Buhrow said, “I think Wordle is a great game to improve strategy and critical thinking.”

Wordle’s easy accessibility compared to other word-based games can be attributed to it being a web-based game which doesn’t require an app download. 

Eva Shinnerl, Redlands East Valley High School Advanced Placement Composition and English 101 teacher, plays Wordle with her class most days. She was reading The New York Times online when she first discovered Wordle. 

Shinnerl said, “I read one day that there was this word game that everyone was playing and I like certain types of word games.”

“I tried Wordle one time and I loved it,” continued Shinnerl. 

Anders Carlson, REV senior, first heard about Wordle while listening to the radio on Super Bowl Sunday.

“Usually fourth period rolls around and I play it,” says Carlson. 

He shares that he has gotten around a 94% win streak, thereby indicating that he wasn’t able to solve the Wordle 6% of the time he has played. 

REV senior Noah Snodgrass learned about Wordle from his father. Snodgrass would play everyday and even had a streak for about 40 days. 

Mia Altenbach, REV sophomore, said, “It was during quarantine. I was bored so I got a bunch of word games and that was one of them.” 

In addition to being a brain teaser, Wordle also boosts one’s mental health and can serve as an outlet to free stress. 

Carlson said, “It’s like a release.”

“It just gives me something to focus on,” said Altenbach. 


Many people have different words or strategies that they use when attempting to solve Wordle. Often times, people will begin with a word that has many vowels in order to see which vowels are in the word, if any. 

Buhrow said, “My go-to words are ‘mince’ or ‘teary.'”

Michelle Stover, who teaches AP Chemistry and regular chemistry at Citrus Valley, said, “I always start with either the word ‘route’ to eliminate vowels or ‘alter’ to eliminate consonants common in words.” 

Wordle variations 

The success of Wordle and the attraction to its daily challenge has prompted many variations of the game, especially to quench users’ thirst for more brain-teasers since Wordle only presents one word challenge per day. 

For example, some of the spinoff games amid the multitude of variations are in different languages, such as those in Spanish and French, those specific for math enthusiasts, like Nerdle and Numberle, and even more complex versions, like Absurdle and Sexaginta-quattuordle

Categories A&E

Review: “Heartstopper” puts LGBT representation into a more accurate light


Originally starting as a graphic novel by Alice Oseman, “Heartstoper” has gained traction as a Netflix Original Series that was released on Apr. 22, 2022. The show follows a boy by the name of Charlie Spring and the trials and tribulations of being a gay teen in the Truham Grammar School for Boys.

Consisting of only eight episodes, the story has many forms of LGBTQ+ representation, including same sex couples, closeted LBGT students, and a transgender student. Although they are the main characters, their sexuality does not take over the entirety of their personalities like some other shows trying to show LGBT representation. Each character has a complex relationship with themself and who they are, along with the friendships between them and their classmates. 

One notable character is Elle Argent, a transgender student who recently transfered to the all girls school, Harvey Greene Grammar School for Girls, also know as Higgs. The show depicts her not being accepted and continuously called by her deadname and incorrect pronouns at school, which is a sad reality for many trangender people. 

The show takes place in England and begins with Charlie being in a toxic relationship with a boy named Ben. He had been using Charlie while he was still in the closet, causing a lot of pressure on Charlie making him feel more like an object to Ben than a boyfriend.  

Nick Nelson is then introduced as the tablemate of Charlie in his new form (or homeroom). Nick fits the straight rugby player stereotype and so Charlie is told to abandon his feelings for Nick after confiding in his friends, Elle, Isaac Henderson, and Tao Xu. His relationship with Nick continues and they eventually become close friends as Nick had asked Charlie to join the rugby team for his speed. 

This angers many of the characters including Nick’s friends on the rugby team and leads to many homophobic remarks to be made. This bullying is another sad reality for being an out member of the LGBT community and is more accurately representing than having the token gay kid as a side character trope. 

In the meantime, Elle is at Higgs and she finds a small group of friends, Tara Jones and Darcy Olsson. It is later learned they are a lesbian couple and furthers the representation past just the boys relationship. 

The rugby team, unaware of Tara’s relationship, tries repeatedly to get Nick to go on a date with her, as they kissed when they were younger. But Nick was too preoccupied with questioning his sexuality and developing feelings for Charlie. After taking many “am i gay?” quizzes and researching online, he comes to terms with being bisexual because he developed a crush on Charlie. 

This leads to another common situation where Nick isn’t ready to come out and face the harsh reality of his classmates’ views but still wants to be with Charlie. They are unofficially together  in secret with only telling their close friends who fully accept and respect them. 

Nick begins to bring Charlie around his friends and they then go to see a movie, with the promise that Ben and Harry(the leader of the group that often bullies Charlie) will not be there. Consequently, Henry is there and continues to give Charlie a hard time for being gay which leads to Nick standing up for him and getting in a fight with Harry which ends with Harry being suspended. 

After these events, Nick is ready to come out and officially be Charlie’s boyfriend . There is a very heartwarming scene where Nick’s mother accepts her son and his confession and his relationship with Charlie. 

Although the show has a bit of a happy ending, this is not the end of the story. The graphic novel already goes beyond the show with Nick and Charlie’s relationship and Netflix has announced the show will have 2 more seasons to follow more on their lives.

Column: Polarized – Graduation banned the F word

Editor’s Column

Cyrus is the Multimedia editor and a translator for Ethic News.


Graduation has been a staple for many high school seniors as it is the last event they get to participate in before leaving high school.  The tradition of graduation has been celebrated for hundreds of years, dating back to the 12th century according to the University of Canterbury.

Though the tradition has changed drastically, it is still a day of importance for many high school seniors as they get to walk down the aisle and receive their diploma, or the case in which the diploma will be inside of.  

The Redlands Unified School District has been very clear on the rules that are ingrained into the graduation ceremonies they host yearly; however, students are not the happiest about certain rules in question.  

I have been told the phrase, “Graduation is a privilege, not a right” from many teachers saying that the rules are in place for a reason, and not to question them.  However, I believe that this kind of thinking is dangerous for the student mind. 

As a student I am always told not to question what teachers say, just take notes, learn and remember for the next test.  The same process can be applied for graduation, learn the rules, remember them and practice them during graduation.  

This is the last school event for seniors and I believe there should be more freedom for seniors to express themselves. The ban on choice of cap and gown color, customizing cap  and the ban on items allowed such as flowers, leis, beach balls and balloons create a stable environment at the expense of student creativity and voice of expression. 

Some students believe these rules are unfair as well. 

Sophia Feduska, Redlands High School senior, says, “The rules against personalized caps or decorative leis, I think it’s an unnecessary power trip for the school district.”  

Another complaint students have is the restraint of clothing regarding what they can wear underneath their cap and gowns. The only attire allowed without extra permission is collared shirt, tie, dress slacks and dress shoes for males, and dressy pants suit or dress, and dress shoes for females. This incredibly limited wardrobe gives seniors no opportunity to express themselves or give them a chance to show off their culture or religion.

This wardrobe set can be difficult to acquire for certain students who can not afford such clothing.  The specific wardrobe can also feel outdated to students and can be upsetting to people who do not associate with that gender’s clothing. This attire is unnecessarily specific for clothing that will barely be seen underneath seniors’ cap and gowns.  

The rules for the RUSD graduations are way too strict for the senior class and leads to no expression of character or individuality. Everyone wears the same cap and gown, they wear the same outfit underneath the cap and gown, they walk and have the same actions with the only differentiating feature being the stoles and cords.  

It is my belief that the school district strongly needs to rethink these rules and give the senior class more freedom to show that they are different from one another.  Students should be able to customize their caps, or wear cultural or religious attire without consulting the superintendent.  This is the last event for seniors before leaving high school, and should be treated more as a celebration of the class, and less of a formality.  These students have been working for twelve years to reach the point they have, therefore graduation should be a privilege and a right.  

How agoraphobia affects people’s lives


When someone feels anxious about a place because that person feels out of control, judged, stuck, or even helpless, it is called agoraphobia. This fear causes people to try not to leave their house in hopes of avoiding that feeling. 

A person that has agoraphobia is prone to panic attacks and is easily triggered from an overwhelming thought or situation. Agoraphobia is heightened in situations including big crowds or when a person becomes overwhelmed.

According to the research site “Harvard Health Publishing,” writer and researcher Dr. Bobbi Wegner explains that “in the US, about 2% of adults and teens have agoraphobia and roughly a third to half of people with agoraphobia have had panic attacks prior to diagnosis.”

With the pandemic, people with such conditions try to avoid situations where they feel embarrassed, threatened or helpless. According to an American Psychological Association (APA) report, “Americans are experiencing a nationwide mental health crisis, this is shown from generation statistics from a scientific study, (APA) report Mental Health Affects Gen. Z, that could have repercussions for years to come.” 

As to getting agoraphobia treated, it is often treated with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which helps people understand connections between feelings, thoughts and actions. Sometimes the CBT will suggest medicine, such as antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications.

Dr. Wegner states that “without treatment, getting over agoraphobia is difficult (only 10% of people are successful). The SAMHSA National Helpline (800-662-4357) may be able to refer you to mental health clinicians in your state who treat anxiety.”

Johnny Roe, a junior at the University of Redlands, explains how having agoraphobia has affected his life and furthermore shares what it is from his perspective.

“Right when I graduated high school my agoraphobia had me trapped in my house with my parents,” Roe explains. “I use gaming to remind me that there is magic and love and beauty out there.”

Roe shares his insight on what it is like for him to deal with agoraphobia.

 “Agoraphobia makes me not like myself very much. I have a lot of insecurity and I’m nervous about meeting people in person,” said Roe. “It makes me feel like the words my head says about my insecurities are always buzzing in my brain. It makes it hard to hear anything else.”

“Some advice I’d give is, yeah, sometimes it’s hard to see past your insecurity and see that people actually do care. I mean, people with agoraphobia tend to be way more charismatic and nice than most would think,” Roe adds a light side from his experience.

According to Josephine Rose, a freshman at Crafton Hills College, spending time with her friend, Johnny Roe, is “just talking to a door but is helping both of us to be more open and it’s good to have encouraging friends, that’s what we try to be for each other cause that’s what you need when you have or are around someone with agoraphobia.” Photo edited with layers to create effect. (KENDRA BURDICK/ Ethic News photo)

Agoraphobia has been proven to have challenged and altered people’s lives. Although many people assume agoraphobia is simply a fear of open spaces, it’s actually a more complex condition than others may think.

What’s up with Marvel: What to expect from “Thor: Love and Thunder”


After months of patient waiting from fans, the first trailer for Marvel’s highly anticipated “Thor: Love and Thunder” was finally released to the public on April 18, 2022. Directed by Taika Waititi, the movie is to follow Thor, played by Chris Hemsworth, as he attempts to find peace and lay down his weapons but is forced to return to battle when the God Butcher Gorr, played by Christian Bale, threatens the extinction of the gods.

An alternate poster for the film showing Natalie Portman as the Mighty Thor (Credit to IGN)

The movie takes heavy influence from Jason Aaron and Esad Ribic’s comic run on “Thor: God of Thunder” due to the scene showing Faligar the Behemoth’s corpse being a one for one recreation of the comic book panel. Gorr also originated from this run, and since then he has been widely regarded as one of the best Thor villains to date due to his incredibly dark nature and his somewhat agreeable stance on the virtue of the gods, which Nick Fury even approved of. 

According to Waititi, this might be the same in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU), stating “In my humble opinion, we have probably the best villian that Marvel’s ever had in Christian Bale.” (via The Associated Press)

The movie also takes influence off of another Jason Aaron book simply titled “Thor” which is the introduction of Jane Foster as the titular character. The short eight issue story follows Jane as she becomes worthy of the power of the legendary hammer, Mjolnir, after Thor himself becomes unworthy. Alongside fighting mythical beings, Jane is also fighting an ongoing battle against breast cancer, which is ironically prolonged by Mjolnir due to the fact that the radiation from chemotherapy is constantly wiped from her body because of the hammer’s healing properties. It’s unclear how much of the origin is being lifted from the comics, but considering Marvel’s track record, it’s safe to assume that a good chunk will be adapted from the comics.

“Thor: Love and Thunder” is lining up to be a solid entry into the MCU if its inspiration is any indicator and with Waititi at the helm, the movie is set to be fun and wild as any of his other films.

Categories A&E

Opinion: Welcome students by normalizing pronoun usage and encouraging attendance


A goal at Orangewood High School will always be to help students feel welcomed in their learning environment. 

Normalize pronoun usage

A common issue that is experienced is uncomfortable pronoun usage or reference. 

People attach their identity to how they are referenced whether it’s he/she/they/them. After speaking and taking personal experiences from students that are a part of the LGBTQ+ community on campus, I feel it’s important to bring awareness for those that feel left out of everyday society during the school day, simply because others are uncomfortable with using a specific reference that applies to their gender identity.

A solution to this would be teachers having a brief lesson on the importance of pronouns even for heterosexual people, and get students comfortable with each reference. Many people use pronouns and ask people to use their pronouns because they want society to respect their identity.  Blogs, like Prospect, give personal reasons on why pronouns are important.

Encourage school attendance

After speaking to students on campus, being in the time frame during the year where absences are at a peak, I’d like to share helpful opinions on what would motivate students to come to school. 

Some students, like Orangewood Senior Thomas Vasquez, agree that they would be more motivated to attend if school lunch was better in quality and different each week.

Senior Sidney Hammons also mentioned more activities on campus, like movie nights or spring festivals. 

A more realistic and easier alternative to those activities that was recommended would be more interactive lesson plans like games that involve the lesson or subject being studied.
Tracking students’ absences and approaching them to check if they have a personal issue at home is helpful, according to companies like Creatix Campus. Sometimes asking them shows that someone cares and notices, which could mean more to a student if it was staff that asked.

Featured image was created by AVA LARSEN using