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An Overview on Executive Orders

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Photo Credits to CNN
By Lea Clark

In the few weeks since Donald Trump’s inauguration, the President has been signing orders at a breakneck pace, so that by the time this article is read, it may be outdated. So far, there have been a total of 19 executive orders.
Here’s the list:

January 20
1.National Day of Patriotic Devotion: Proclamation 9570, making his inauguration a day to honor in America.

2.Minimize Economic Burden of Patient Protection and ACA Pending Repeal: Executive Order 13765, a statement about specific measures that place a regulatory freeze on the Affordable Care Act

Jan. 23
1.Withdrawal from TPP (Trans Pacific Partnership) Negotiations and Agreement- Presidential Memorandum: The US will no longer engage in the 12 country trade pact with countries along the Pacific Rim.

2.Mexico City Policy-Presidential Memorandum: Otherwise known as the gag rule, this restricts the use of foreign aid money to support abortion organizations such as Planned Parenthood. Implemented by Reagan, taken out by Clinton, reinstated by Bush and removed again by Obama, the trend continues as Trump implements it.

3.Hiring Freeze-Presidential Memorandum: Calls for development of a long-term plan to reduce the federal workforce within 90 days.

Jan. 24
1.Construction of the Keystone XL Pipeline-Presidential Memorandum: Reverses the Obama administration’s suspension of construction while agreements were to be renegotiated due to protests over the construction of the pipeline, and advances the construction of the pipeline as well as fast-tracking procedural requirements.

2. Construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline-Presidential Memorandum: Another order advancing the production of a pipeline, despite American Indian and environmentalist protests.

3.Construction of American Pipelines: The plan for the Dakota Access Pipeline is due in six months, to be created through working with the Secretary of Commerce

4.Expediting Environmental Reviews and Approvals for High Priority: Any governor or cabinet secretary can request a project to be deemed as a high priority. Should the White House Council on Environmental Quality approve, the project may proceed.

5.Streamlining Permitting and Reducing Regulatory Burdens for Domestic Manufacturing-Presidential Memorandum: This order states that manufacturing regulations will proceed with streamlining the rules.

Jan. 25
1.National School Choice Week-Proclamation 9571: Purely ceremonial, the week of January 22 is National School Choice week; sponsored by charter, virtual, and parochial schools.

2.Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements-Executive Order 13767: Through hiring 5,000 border patrol officers, the US will, “secure the southern border of the United States through the immediate construction of a physical wall on the southern border.” There is no word on how this order will be funded.

3.Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States- Executive Order 13768:  Following completion of the border wall, the US will cut off funding to “sanctuary cities,” as well as enforcing deportation proceedings should an immigration officer deem necessary for public safety.

Jan. 27
1. Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States: Imposes a ban on entry on the countries Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen. Put into immediate action, this may stand as his most controversial order so far, sparking many protests across the US.

2. Rebuilding the US Armed Forces-National Security Presidential Memorandum 1: Calls for a 30 day review of military readiness with a belief that the US requires a plan to “bolster the military.”

Jan. 28
1. Ethics Commitments by Executive Branch Employees- Executive Order: This imposes a lifetime ban on, “administration officials lobbying foreign governments.”

2.Organization of the National Security Council and the Homeland Security Council-National Security Presidential Memorandum 2: Centered around Steve Bannon, placing him on the Principals Committee to Reorganize the National Security Council.

3.Plan to Defeat the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria-National Security Presidential Memorandum 3: The Secretary of Defense with other national security officials tasked with creating a plan within 30 days to defeat the Islamic State.

Jan. 30
1.Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs: Agencies called upon to remove two existing regulations before implementing any new regulation.

SOURCES: 

​”List of Trump’s Executive Orders.” Fox News. FOX News Network, 3 Feb. 2017. Web. 06 Feb. 2017.

​Korte, Gregory. “President Trump’s Executive Actions: The Complete List so Far.” USA Today. Gannett Satellite Information Network, 30 Jan. 2017. Web. 06 Feb. 2017.

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